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Maize kernel oil is a valuable source of nutrition. Here we extensively examine the genetic architecture of maize oil biosynthesis in a genome-wide association study using 1.03 million SNPs characterized in 368 maize inbred lines, including 'high-oil' lines. We identified 74 loci significantly associated with kernel oil concentration and fatty acid(More)
The endolysin Lyb5, from Lactobacillus fermentum temperate bacteriophage phiPYB5, showed a broad lytic spectrum against Gram-positive as well as Gram-negative bacteria. Sequence analysis revealed that the C terminus of the endolysin Lyb5 (Ly5C) contained three putative lysin motif (LysM) repeat regions, implying that Ly5C was involved in bacterial cell wall(More)
RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) has been proposed as a key inhibitory regulator of mammalian reproduction. To further determine the potential mechanisms and sites of action of RFRP-3, we systematically investigated the direct effect of RFRP-3 on the female pig reproductive axis in vitro. Initially, we confirmed that G protein-coupled receptor 147(More)
Selection of reference genes in Brassica napus, a tetraploid (4×) species, is a very difficult task without information on genome and transcriptome. By now, only several traditional reference genes which show significant expression differentiation under different conditions are used in B. napus. In the present study, based on genome and transcriptome data(More)
Genetic basis of grain yield heterosis relies on the cumulative effects of dominance, overdominance, and epistasis in maize hybrid Yuyu22. Heterosis, i.e., when F1 hybrid phenotypes are superior to those of the parents, continues to play a critical role in boosting global grain yield. Notwithstanding our limited insight into the genetic and molecular basis(More)
To investigate the role of liver-specific expression of glucokinase (GCK) in the pathogenesis of hyperglycemia and to identify candidate genes involved in mechanisms of the onset and progression of maturity onset diabetes of the young, type 2 (MODY-2), we examined changes in biochemical parameters and gene expression in GCK knockout (gck(w/-)) and wild-type(More)
The organization of maize (Zea mays L.) germplasm into genetically divergent heterotic groups is the foundation of a successful hybrid maize breeding program. In this study, 94 CIMMYT maize lines (CMLs) and 54 United States germplasm enhancement of maize (GEM) lines were assembled and characterized using 1,266 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with(More)
Although podocyte apoptosis has been shown to be induced by the accumulation of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs), the mechanisms through which AOPPs trigger apoptosis in these cells remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in AOPP-induced podocyte apoptosis. AOPP treatment induced overexpression(More)
Lactococcus lactis is a well-studied bacterium widely used in dairy fermentation and capable of producing metabolites with organoleptic and nutritional characteristics. For fine tuning of the distribution of glycolytic flux at the pyruvate branch from lactate to diacetyl and balancing the production of the two metabolites under aerobic conditions, a(More)
Microtubules are essential components of the cytoskeleton that participate in a variety of cellular processes such as cell division and migration. In addition, there is a growing body of evidence implicating a role for microtubules in intracellular viral transport. In this study, we found that pharmacological disruption of microtubules remarkably blocked(More)