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Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) is an important process in the marine nitrogen cycle. However, little is known about the distribution, diversity and abundance of anammox bacteria in inland river ecosystems. Here, we found the presence of diverse anammox bacteria in a freshwater river - the Qiantang River, Zhejiang Province (China). The phylogenetic(More)
Efficient biological nitrogen removal from pharmaceutical wastewater has been focused recently. The present study dealt with the treatment of colistin sulfate and kitasamycin manufacturing wastewater through anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX). The biotoxicity assay on luminescent bacterium Photobacterium phosphoreum (T3 mutation) showed that the(More)
BACKGROUND Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) was identified newly (2008) and is believed to be an etiologic factor of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). Recent molecular and serological data suggest that MCPyV infection is common in the general population. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the age of primary exposure to MCPyV. STUDY DESIGN A(More)
The expression of galectin-1, one of the most important lectins participating in the malignant tumor development, has been shown to be regulated by hypoxia, but its exact mechanism remains elusive. Here, we find that ectopically expressed hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1alpha protein, an oxygen-sensitive subunit of HIF-1 that is a master factor for cellular(More)
Ethylene response factors (ERF) play crucial roles in plant development and response to stresses. Here, a novel cDNA fragment (MsERF8) encoding an ERF protein with an AP2 domain was isolated and characterized from alfalfa. The MsERF8 cDNA has an open reading frame of 603 bp and encodes a nuclear protein of 201 amino acids. Q-RT-PCR analysis revealed that(More)
Seed germination plays a pivotal role during the life cycle of plants. As dry seeds imbibe water, the resumption of energy metabolism and cellular repair occur and miRNA-mediated gene expression regulation is involved in the reactivation events. This research was aimed at understanding the role of miRNA in the molecular control during seed imbibition(More)
The autotrophic nitrogen removal process in the granular sludge bed reactor (GSB-ANR process) is a new and promising biotechnology for nitrogen removal from wastewater, which requires single reactor, simple operation and inorganic carbon. The results showed that the GSB-ANR process could be successfully started up with nitrifying granular sludge as(More)
—In vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), because of the nonexistence of end-to-end connections, it is essential that nodes take advantage of connection opportunities to forward messages to make end-to-end messaging possible. Thus, it is crucial to make sure that nodes have incentives to forward messages for others, despite the fact that the routing protocols(More)
—Wireless mesh networks have been widely deployed to provide broadband network access, and their performance can be significantly improved by using a new technology called network coding. In a wireless mesh network using network coding, selfish nodes may deviate from the protocol when they are supposed to forward packets. This fundamental problem of packet(More)
The granule floatation is a serious issue of the anammox (anaerobic ammonium oxidation) process when high loading rates are applied that results in instability or even system collapse. The present study reports the granule floatation in an anammox reactor when high loading rates were applied. The comparison of enlarged photos taken for the settling and(More)