Tingming Cao

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Following our previous finding that sodium selenite induces apoptosis in human leukemia NB4 cells, we now show that the expression of the critical antioxidant enzyme manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is remarkably elevated during this process. We further reveal that reactive oxygen species (ROS), especially superoxide radicals, play a crucial role in(More)
Our previous study has shown that sodium selenite can cause apoptosis in acute promyelocytic leukemia-derived NB4 cells in a caspase-dependent manner, but the detailed mechanism is unknown. Here we demonstrate a requirement for extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) in mediating sodium selenite -induced apoptosis in NB4 cell. Though no apparent(More)
Using a 12 base pair RNA.DNA hybrid, substituted with bromouracil on either the RNA or DNA strand, we have detected by photoaffinity radiolabeling a limited set of proteins able to bind to RNA.DNA hybrids in both Xenopus oocyte extracts and human macrophage extracts. Resulting patterns of crosslinked proteins were highly dependent on the strand (DNA or RNA)(More)
Using T7 RNA polymerase we synthesized a short oligoribonucleotide containing bromouracil by in vitro transcription of a synthetic DNA template. Whereas the major transcript obtained had the expected size and was apparently homogeneous on a sequencing gel, additional analysis revealed the presence of double-stranded RNA in this preparation. As this was not(More)
Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element possessing anticarcinogenic properties. Sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) induced apoptosis in human acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cell line NB4 with dose and time dependency. In this study, proteomic techniques were used to study the apoptosis of NB4 cells induced by sodium selenite. Twenty-six downregulated and(More)
Our previous study has shown that sodium selenite can cause apoptosis in acute promyelocytic leukemia-derived NB4 cells in a caspase-dependent manner involving Deltapsim disruption and cleavage of Bcl-2, but more detailed mechanism(s) remain unclear. Here we showed that mitochondrial apoptosis signaling pathway played a vital role in apoptosis induced by(More)
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