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The accumulation of apolipoprotein B100 lipoproteins in Bruch membrane is an early event thought to promote age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Immunohistochemistry using an anti-oxidized low density lipoprotein antibody on 10 AMD specimens showed staining in Bruch membrane including basal deposits, a marker of AMD. To determine whether retinal(More)
Cholesteryl ester rich apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100) lipoproteins accumulate in Bruch's membrane before the development of age-related macular degeneration. It is not known if these lipoproteins come from the circulation or local ocular tissue. Emerging, but incomplete evidence suggests that the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) can secrete lipoproteins.(More)
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a universal transcription factor and has previously been demonstrated to play an important role in CNS injury. This study investigated the expression of NF-kappaB in the inner layers of the retina in mice after retinal ischemia and reperfusion injury. Retinal ischemia was induced by elevation of intraocular pressure to(More)
PURPOSE To determine the role of nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB) in light-induced photoreceptor degeneration. METHODS Dark-adapted BALB/cJ mice, 4-8 weeks, were exposed to an intense green light (3.1-3.5 klux) for 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, or 24 h and killed immediately after exposure. The photoreceptor apoptosis was detected by TUNEL. Co-localization of NFkappaB(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the modulation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB in light-induced photoreceptor degeneration in a mouse model. METHODS Mice were exposed to intense green light. Light-induced activation of NF-kappaB and its nuclear localization were studied by immunohistochemistry. The NF-kappaB DNA-binding activity in the retinas after exposure to(More)
METHODS. Mice were exposed to intense green light. Lightinduced activation of NFB and its nuclear localization were studied by immunohistochemistry. The NFB DNA–binding activity in the retinas after exposure to light was measured by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Nuclear transactivation of NFB in the photoreceptor cells was determined by(More)
PURPOSE Although light-induced oxidative stress in the retina has been extensively reported, little information regarding light-induced oxidative stress in choroidal endothelial cells (CECs) is available. In the current study, light-induced DNA oxidation and the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), a major oxidative responsive transcription(More)
To maintain normal retinal function, retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells engulf photoreceptor outer segments (ROS) enriched in free fatty acids (FFAs). We have previously demonstrated fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) downregulation in the RPE/choroidal complex in a mouse model of aging and early age-related macular degeneration. FABPs are involved in(More)
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