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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Abnormal muscle response (AMR) to the electrical stimulation of a branch of facial nerve is a specific electrophysiological feature of primary hemifacial spasm (HFS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of AMR monitoring during microvascular decompression surgery (MVD), and the correlation between the AMR changes and(More)
BACKGROUND As an etiological treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and hemifacial spasm (HFS), microvascular decompression (MVD) has been popularized around the world. However, as a functional operation in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA), this process can be risky and the postoperative outcomes might not be good enough sometimes. OBJECTIVE In order to(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite the vascular compression of the seventh cranial nerve has been verified by the microvascular decompression surgery as the cause of hemifacial spasm (HFS), the mechanism of the disease is still unknown. We believe that the autonomic nervous system in adventitia of the offending artery may contribute to the HFS. To prove our hypothesis, we(More)
Although microvascular decompression (MVD) is accepted as an effective therapy for hemifacial spasm (HFS), some operations fail. While performing MVD, many surgeons focus on the large arteries but ignore the arterioles. Failure to identify involved arterioles may account for unsuccessful MVD. We aimed to refine the MVD surgery and improve post-operative(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite the microvascular decompression (MVD) has become a definitive treatment for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and hemifacial spasm (HFS), not all of the patients have been cured completely so far and this sort of operation is still with risk because of the critical operative area. In order to refine this surgery, we investigated thousands MVDs. (More)
OBJECTIVE Although microvascular decompression (MVD) has been accepted as effective therapy for hemifacial spasm, failed surgery has been reported frequently. For a sophisticated neurosurgeon, an apparent offending artery is seldom missed. However, it is still an embarrassed situation when the neurovascular conflict site could not be approached. METHODS(More)
Although microvascular decompression (MVD) surgery has been widely accepted as an effective treatment for hemifacial spasm (HFS), delayed relief cases have been frequently reported. Therefore, the value of an immediate redo MVD should be discussed. This study included 1,435 HFS patients who underwent MVD with intraoperative abnormal muscle response (AMR)(More)
Although neurovascular confliction was believed to be the cause of hemifacial spasm (HFS), the mechanism of the disorder remains unclear to date. Current theories, merely focusing on the facial nerve, have failed to explain the clinical phenomenon of immediate relief following a successful microvascular decompression surgery (MVD). With the experience of(More)
This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of nimodipine-mediated neural repair after facial nerve crush injury in rats. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: healthy controls, surgery alone, and surgery plus nimodipine. A facial nerve crush injury model was constructed. Immediately after surgery, the rats in the surgery plus(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to introduce zone exploration of the trigeminal nerve and decompression techniques for different types of vasculars. METHODS The trigeminal nerve was sectioned into 5 zones. Zone 1, 2, 3, 4 was located at the rostral, caudal, ventral, and dorsal part of the nerve root entry zone (REZ) respectively, and zone 5 was located(More)