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Effects of brassinosteroids (BRs) on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) abiotic stresses resistance to salt, polyethylene glycol (PEG), cold and the potential mechanisms were investigated in this work. Previous reports have indicated that BRs can induce ethylene production and enhance alternative oxidase (AOX) pathway. The mechanisms whether ethylene is involved(More)
5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) catalyzes the formation of two major groups of leukotrienes, leukotriene B4 and cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs), and it has been implicated as a promising drug target to treat various inflammatory diseases. However, its role in osteoclastogenesis has not been investigated. In this study, we used mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages(More)
Nitrate reductase (NR), a key enzyme of nitrogen metabolism, catalyzes the reduction of nitrite to produce nitric oxide (NO). In this study, we investigated the role of NR-dependent NO in alleviating the cucumber mosaic virus (CMV)-caused damage in Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that(More)
Fusarium graminearum is the major causal agent of fusarium head blight in wheat, a serious disease worldwide. Linoleic acid isomerase (LAI) catalyses the transformation of linoleic acid (LA) to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which is beneficial for human health. We characterised a cis-12 LAI gene of F. graminearum (FGSG_02668; FgLAI12), which was(More)
Targeting specificity is an essential issue in the development of CRISPR-Cas technology. Using a luciferase activation assay, off-target cleavage activity of sgRNA was systematically investigated on single nucleotide-mismatched targets. In addition to confirming that PAM-proximal mismatches are less tolerated than PAM-distal mismatches, our study further(More)
A 2000-bp 5′-flanking region of VvPAL-like was isolated from ‘Summer Black’ grapevine by PCR amplification, named pVvPAL-like. To gain a better understanding of the expression and regulatory mechanism of VvPAL-like, a chimeric expression unit consisting of the β-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene under the control of a 2000-bp fragment of the VvPAL-like(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of abscisic acid (ABA), sucrose, and auxin on grape fruit development and to assess the mechanism of these three factors on the grape fruit ripening process. Different concentrations of ABA, sucrose, and auxin were used to treat the grape fruit, and the ripening-related indices, such as physiological and(More)
The transcriptome of drought-stressed grapevine leaves was analyzed using RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) technology and compared. In this experiment, 12,451 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were recorded in response to drought by RNA-seq, which includes 7,983 up-regulated and 4,468 down-regulated transcripts, proposing that drought stress has(More)
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