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Business and military partners, companies and their customers, and other closely cooperating parties may have a compelling need to conduct sensitive interactions on line, such as accessing each other's local services and other local resources. Automated trust negotiation is an approach to establishing trust between parties so that such interactions can take(More)
Privacy is a serious concern when microdata need to be released for ad hoc analyses. The privacy goals of existing privacy protection approaches (e.g., k-anonymity and l-diversity) are suitable only for categorical sensitive attributes. Since applying them directly to numerical sensitive attributes (e.g., salary) may result in undesirable information(More)
Differential privacy has recently emerged as the de facto standard for private data release. This makes it possible to provide strong theoretical guarantees on the privacy and utility of released data. While it is well-understood how to release data based on counts and simple functions under this guarantee, it remains to provide general purpose techniques(More)
MapReduce has become increasingly popular as a powerful parallel data processing model. To deploy MapReduce as a data processing service over open systems such as service oriented architecture, cloud computing, and volunteer computing, we must provide necessary security mechanisms to protect the integrity of MapReduce data processing services. In this(More)
Automated trust negotiation is an approach to establishing trust between strangers through iterative disclosure of digital credentials. In automated trust negotiation, access control policies play a key role in protecting resources from unauthorized access. Unlike in traditional trust management systems, the access control policy for a resource is usually(More)
In open systems like the Internet, traditional approaches to security based on identity do not provide a solution to the problem of establishing trust between strangers, because strangers do not share the same security domain. A new approach to establishing trust between strangers is trust negotiation, the bilateral exchange of digital credentials(More)
The Internet provides an environment where two parties who are virtually strangers to each other can make connec tions and do business together Before any actual business starts a certain level of trust should be established Each party should make sure that the other one is quali ed and can be trusted for the ongoing business Property based digital(More)
Private data often come in the form of associations between entities, such as customers and products bought from a pharmacy, which are naturally represented in the form of a large, sparse bipartite graph. As with tabular data, it is desirable to be able to publish anonymized versions of such data, to allow others to perform ad hoc analysis of aggregate(More)
Coalescence, meaning the tracker associates more than one trajectories to some targets while loses track for others, is a challenging problem for visual tracking of multiple targets, especially when similar targets move close or present occlusions. Existing approaches that are based on joint data association are confronted by the combinatorial complexity(More)