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The distribution of cells expressing calcium-permeable alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (CP-AMPARs) in the somatosensory cortex of rats at different developmental stages was studied using a kainate-stimulated Co(2+)-labeling assay in a quantitative manner. The applicability of this assay for identifying CP-AMPAR-expressing(More)
BACKGROUND Influence of folate/homocysteine conversion is considered to be important in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, association of the folate metabolic pathway gene polymorphisms with PD susceptibility remains unclear. METHODS To test this possibility in PD, we conducted a hospital-based case-control study constituting 211(More)
Covalent binding of a reactive metabolite of clozapine to neutrophils or their precursors is thought to play a role in the development of clozapine-induced agranulocytosis. Immunoblotting studies with an anti-clozapine antiserum detected covalent binding of clozapine to human neutrophils in vitro when HOCl was used to generate clozapine reactive metabolite(More)
1. In rat cerebellar astrocytes, intracellular Ca(2+) store depletion by receptor agonists or sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase inhibitors induced a transient increase in the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in the absence of extracellular Ca(2+) and a sustained increase in its presence. 2. After 10 min treatment with thapsigargin,(More)
In cultured rat cerebellar granule cells, glutamate or N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) activation of the NMDA receptor caused a sustained increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) levels ([Ca(2+)](i)), reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and cell death (respective EC(50) values for glutamate were 12, 30, and 38 microM) but no increase in caspase-3 activity. Removal of(More)
A sustained increase in the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) can cause cell death. In this study, we found that, in cultured porcine aortic smooth muscle cells, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, triggered by depletion of Ca(2+) stores by thapsigargin (TG), induced an increase in the [Ca(2+)](i) and cell death. However, the TG-induced death was(More)
To clarify the involvement of autophagy in neuronal differentiation, the effect of rapamycin, an mTOR complex inhibitor, on the dibutyryl cAMP (dbcAMP)-induced differentiation of NG108-15 cells was examined. Treatment of NG108-15 cells with 1 mM dbcAMP resulted in induction of differentiation, including neurite outgrowth and varicosity formation, enhanced(More)
The effects of adriamycin on the contractile function of cultured mesangial cells were measured by the changes in planar surface area in response to treatment with agonists. Incubation of mesangial cells with adriamycin (0.2 microg/ml) for 24 h significantly decreased the contractile responses to the calcium channel activator BAY K 8644 (1 microM) and to(More)
The effects of different calcium-mobilizing agents on cell death were characterized in NG108-15 neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells. Carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone (FCCP) increased the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and caused cell death. Thapsigargin (TG) not only increased the [Ca(2+)](i) and caused cell death but also(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, and one of the principal causes leading to death around the world. It is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that still remains without definite cure. Memantine, a licensed AD drug, is an open-channel and partial trapping blocker that functions as a potent NMDA receptor antagonist, even at(More)