Ting Yiu Tsui

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An experimental investigation was undertaken to measure the intrinsic elastic properties of several of the microstructural components of human vertebral trabecular bone and tibial cortical bone by the nanoindentation method. Specimens from two thoracic vertebrae (T-12) and two tibiae were obtained from frozen, unembalmed human male cadavers aged 57 and 61(More)
The elastic properties of several microstructural components of dry human vertebrae (T-12 and L-1) and tibiae have been investigated in the longitudinal and transverse directions using nanoindentation. The largest Young's modulus was that for the interstitial lamellae in the longitudinal direction (25.7 +/- 1.7 GPa). This was followed in decreasing order by(More)
Acoustic microscopy (30-60 microm resolution) and nanoindentation (1-5 microm resolution) are techniques that can be used to evaluate the elastic properties of human bone at a microstructural level. The goals of the current study were (1) to measure and compare the Young's moduli of trabecular and cortical bone tissues from a common human donor, and (2) to(More)
The nanoindentation technique was used to characterize the variation in the elastic modulus and hardness of human lumbar vertebral cortical and trabecular bone. The elastic modulus (and in most cases, the hardness as well) of axially aligned trabeculae cut in the transverse direction was significantly greater than in other orientations of vertebral cortical(More)
Metallic nanopillar/nanowires are emerging as promising platforms for biological applications, as they allow for the direct characterization and regulation of cell function. Herein we study the response of cells to a versatile nanopillar platform. Nanopillar arrays of various shape, size, and spacing and different nanopillar-substrate interfacial strengths(More)
A broad range of human diseases are associated with bacterial infections, often initiated by specific adhesion of a bacterium to the target environment. Despite the significant role of bacterial adhesion in human infectious diseases, details and mechanisms of bacterial adhesion have remained elusive. Herein, we study the physical interactions between(More)
Bacteria have evolved as intelligent microorganisms that can colonize and form highly structured and cooperative multicellular communities with sophisticated singular and collective behaviors. The initial stages of colony formation and intercellular communication are particularly important to understand and depend highly on the spatial organization of(More)
Three-dimensional vertically aligned nano- and micropillars have emerged as promising tools for a variety of biological applications. Despite their increasing usage, the interaction mechanisms of cells with these rigid structures and their effect on single- and collective-cell behaviors are not well understood for different cell types. In the present study,(More)
Solid and hollow cylindrical indium pillars with nanoscale diameters were prepared using electron beam lithography followed by the electroplating fabrication method. The microstructure of the solid-core indium pillars was characterized by scanning micro-X-ray diffraction, which shows that the indium pillars were annealed at room temperature with very few(More)
In this study we investigated the contact characteristics of human prostate cancer cells (PC3) on silicon micropillar arrays with complex shapes by using high-resolution confocal fluorescence microscopy techniques. These arrays consist of micropillars that are of various cross-sectional geometries which produce different deformation profiles in adherent(More)
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