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Cell transplantation is emerging as a promising new approach to replace scarred, nonfunctional myocardium in a diseased heart. At present, however, generating the numbers of donor cardiomyocytes required to develop and test animal models is a major limitation. Embryonic stem (ES) cells may be a promising source for therapeutic applications, potentially(More)
Directing stem cell fate requires knowledge of how signaling networks integrate temporally and spatially segregated stimuli. We developed and validated a computational model of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (Stat3) pathway kinetics, a signaling network involved in embryonic stem cell (ESC) self-renewal. Our analysis identified novel(More)
Inonotus obliquus (Pers.:Fr.) Pilát has been traditionally used as a folk remedy for treatment of cancers, cardiovascular disease and diabetes in Russia, Poland, and most of the Baltic countries, but natural reserves of this fungus have nearly been exhausted. This study was designed to investigate the artificial cultivation of I. obliquus and the antitumor(More)
Virtualization technology brings great conveniences to cluster and data center management. By using this technique, we can reconstruct a new computing environment quickly and easily. Compared to the traditional cluster environment, load balancing in a virtualized environment needs to address several new problems. This paper focuses on live migration(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical efficiency of noninvasive prenatal test (NIPT) identifying fetal chromosomal aneuploidies. MATERIALS AND METHODS In the present study, 917 women with high-risk pregnancies were invited to participate in an NIPT trial based on an Illumina HiSeq massively parallel sequencing platform. Abnormal cases in NIPT were(More)
Complexity in the spatial organization of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) cultures creates heterogeneous microenvironments (niches) that influence hESC fate. This study demonstrates that the rate and trajectory of hESC differentiation can be controlled by engineering hESC niche properties. Niche size and composition regulate the balance between(More)
We present a predictive bioprocess design strategy employing cell- and molecular-level analysis of rate-limiting steps in human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) expansion and differentiation, and apply it to produce definitive endoderm (DE) progenitors using a scalable directed-differentiation technology. We define a bioprocess optimization parameter (L;(More)
Populations of cells create local environments that lead to emergent heterogeneity. This is particularly evident with human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs): microenvironmental heterogeneity limits hPSC cell fate control. We developed a high-throughput platform to screen hPSCs in configurable microenvironments in which we optimized colony size, cell density(More)
Farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPS; EC 2.5.1.1/EC 2.5.1.10) catalyzes the synthesis of farnesyl diphosphate, a key intermediate in the biosynthesis of sesquiterpenes. This present study described the cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding FPS from leaves of Michelia chapensis Dandy (designated as McFPS, GenBank accession number: GQ214406) for the(More)
BACKGROUND Even through narrowing of the upper-airway plays an important role in the generation of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the peripheral airways is implicated in pre-obese and obese OSA patients, as a result of decreased lung volume and increased lung elastic recoil pressure, which, in turn, may aggravate upper-airway collapsibility. METHODS A(More)