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— Multi-frequency media access control has been well understood in general wireless ad hoc networks, while in wireless sensor networks, researchers still focus on single frequency solutions. In wireless sensor networks, each device is typically equipped with a single radio transceiver and applications adopt much smaller packet sizes compared to those in(More)
The focus of surveillance missions is to acquire and verify information about enemy capabilities and positions of hostile targets. Such missions often involve a high element of risk for human personnel and require a high degree of stealthiness. Hence, the ability to deploy unmanned surveillance missions, by using wireless sensor networks, is of great(More)
This article describes one of the major efforts in the sensor network community to build an integrated sensor network system for surveillance missions. The focus of this effort is to acquire and verify information about enemy capabilities and positions of hostile targets. Such missions often involve a high element of risk for human personnel and require a(More)
A wide variety of sensors have been incorporated into a spectrum of wireless sensor network (WSN) platforms, providing flexible sensing capability over a large number of low-power and inexpensive nodes. Traditional signal processing algorithms, however, often prove too complex for energy-and-cost-effective WSN nodes. This study explores how to design(More)
In surveillance and tracking applications, wireless sensor nodes collectively monitor the existence of intruding targets. In this paper, we derive closed form results for predicting surveillance performance attributes, represented by detection probability and average detection delay of intruding targets, based on tunable system parameters, represented by(More)
In rodent behavioural screens, such as the forced swim or resident/intruder tests, the behaviour of mice that lack functional substance P-preferring, tachykinin-1 receptors ((NK1R) either through drug antagonism or gene ablation) mimics that of wildtype mice that have been treated with an antidepressant drug. All antidepressants modify the function of(More)
Target tracking systems, consisting of thousands of low-cost sensor nodes, have been used in many application domains such as battlefield surveillance, wildlife monitoring and border security. These applications need to meet certain real-time constraints in response to transient events, such as fast-moving targets. While the real-time performance is a major(More)
The behaviour of neurokinin-1-receptor gene knockout (NK1R-/-) mice, which lack functional, substance P-preferring receptors, resembles that of NK1R+/+ mice treated with an antidepressant. Because all antidepressants increase central monoamine transmission, we have investigated whether noradrenergic transmission is increased in NK1R-/- mice and, if so,(More)
Energy efficiency is a fundamental issue for outdoor sensor network systems. This article presents the design and implementation of multidimensional power management strategies in VigilNet, a major recent effort to support long-term surveillance using power-constrained sensor devices. A novel tripwire service is integrated with an effective sentry and duty(More)