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High-efficiency TALEN-based gene editing produces disease-resistant rice" (2012). Biochemistry-Faculty Publications. Paper 110. 390 To the Editor: Transcription activator–like (TAL) ef-fectors of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) contribute to pathogen virulence by transcriptionally activating specific rice disease-susceptibility (S) genes 1, 2. TAL(More)
DNA double-strand breaks enhance homologous recombination in cells and have been exploited for targeted genome editing through use of engineered endonucleases. Here we report the creation and initial characterization of a group of rare-cutting, site-specific DNA nucleases produced by fusion of the restriction enzyme FokI endonuclease domain (FN) with the(More)
Recent studies indicate that the DNA recognition domain of transcription activator-like (TAL) effectors can be combined with the nuclease domain of FokI restriction enzyme to produce TAL effector nucleases (TALENs) that, in pairs, bind adjacent DNA target sites and produce double-strand breaks between the target sequences, stimulating non-homologous(More)
Autophagy plays an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has been reported that autophagic flux is altered in patients with AD, and application of the autophagy enhancer rapamycin may alleviate the cognitive impairment and amyloid-β (Aβ) neuropathology in transgenic animal model of AD. Since rapamycin is also an immune suppressor, there is a(More)
Eucalypts are the world's most widely planted hardwood trees. Their outstanding diversity, adaptability and growth have made them a global renewable resource of fibre and energy. We sequenced and assembled >94% of the 640-megabase genome of Eucalyptus grandis. Of 36,376 predicted protein-coding genes, 34% occur in tandem duplications, the largest proportion(More)
Stroke induces rapid activation and expansion of microglia, but the main source of microgliosis is controversial. Here we investigated the formation of microgliosis and infiltration of circulating cells in a photothrombosis stroke model by taking advantage of parabiosis and two-photon microscopy. We found that a small population of blood-derived(More)
Neurodegenerative disorders are typically characterized by progressive and extensive neuronal loss in specific populations of neurons and brain areas which lead to the observed clinical manifestations. Despite the recent advances in molecular neuroscience, the subcellular bases such as Golgi apparatus (GA) for most neurodegenerative diseases are poorly(More)
Four cytochrome P450 cDNAs, CYP6AA7, CYP9J40, CYP9J34, and CYP9M10, were isolated from mosquitoes, Culex quinquefasciatus. The P450 gene expression and induction by permethrin were compared for three different mosquito populations bearing different resistance phenotypes, ranging from susceptible (S-Lab), through intermediate (HAmCq(G0), the field parental(More)
Both Contextual Advertising (CA) and Behavioral Targeting (BT) are playing important roles in online advertising market. Recently, the problem of how to integrate BT strategies into CA has attracted much attention from both industry and academia. However, to our best knowledge, few research works have been published to provide BT solutions in CA. In this(More)
Using the visible Chinese human data set, which faithfully represents human anatomy, we visualize the light propagation in the head in detail based on Monte Carlo simulation. The simulation is verified to agree with published experimental results in terms of a differential path-length factor. The spatial sensitivity profile turns out to seem like a fat(More)