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Functional brain mapping based on changes in local cerebral blood flow (lCBF) or glucose utilization (lCMR(glc)) induced by functional activation is generally carried out in animals under anesthesia, usually alpha-chloralose because of its lesser effects on cardiovascular, respiratory, and reflex functions. Results of studies on the role of nitric oxide(More)
The frequency of poor metabolizers of debrisoquin was low and similar in four different native Chinese nationalities. In a total sample of 695 Chinese subjects, only seven (1.01%) had a urinary ratio between debrisoquin and 4-hydroxydebrisoquin greater than 12.6, which is the antimode between poor metabolizers and extensive metabolizers in white(More)
Photosynthetic pigment composition and photosystem II (PSII) photochemistry were characterized during the flag leaf senescence of wheat plants grown in the field. During leaf senescence, neoxanthin and beta-carotene decreased concomitantly with chlorophyll, whereas lutein and xanthophyll cycle pigments were less affected, leading to increases in(More)
We investigated the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the stability of Kv1.5 channel protein. The expression and function of Kv1.5 (Kv1.5-FLAG) in transfected African green monkey kidney fibroblast cells as well as rat atrium were estimated by immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescence and patch-clamp(More)
Vibrissal stimulation raises cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the ipsilateral spinal and principal sensory trigeminal nuclei and contralateral ventroposteromedial (VPM) thalamic nucleus and barrel cortex. To investigate possible roles of adenosine and nitric oxide (NO) in these increases, local CBF was determined during unilateral vibrissal stimulation in(More)
Isolated photosystem I (PSI)-110 particles, prepared using a minimal concentration of Triton X-100 [J. E. Mullet, J. J. Burke, and C. J. Arntzen (1980) Plant Physiol. 65, 814-822] and further subjected to short-term solubilization with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), were resolved into four pigment-containing bands on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(More)
2-Deoxy[14C]glucose-6-phosphate (2-[14C]DG-6-P) dephosphorylation and glucose-6-phosphatase (G-6-Pase) activity were examined in cultured rat astrocytes under conditions similar to those generally used in assays of glucose utilization. Astrocytes were loaded with 2-[14C]DG-6-P by preincubation for 15 min in medium containing 2 mM glucose and 50 microM(More)
Cytochrome b(6)f complex with stoichiometrically bound beta-carotene molecule was purified from spinach chloroplasts. The configuration of this beta-carotene was studied by reversed-phase HPLC and resonance Raman spectroscopy. Both the absorption spectrum of this beta-carotene in dissociated state and the Raman spectrum in native state can be unambiguously(More)
The interaction between the Mn-cluster and its peripheral ligands in oxygen-evolving center is still unclear. Theoretical investigation on the coordination of histidine, H(2)O, and CI to Mn2O2 units in OEC is conducted. The following conclusions are obtained: (i) both histidine and H(2)O molecule, bound to the two Mn ions, respectively, are vertical to the(More)
Studies with positron-emission tomography have indicated that muscarinic acetylcholine receptors may be involved in the mechanism of enhancement of cerebral blood flow (CBF) by neuronal functional activation. We examined the effects of muscarinic receptor blockade by scopolamine on the local CBF responses to vibrissal stimulation in the whisker-to-barrel(More)