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Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family members, including TGF-betas, activins, and bone morphogenetic proteins, exert diverse biological activities in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, embryonic development, and many other processes. These effects are largely mediated by Smad proteins. Smad7 is a negative regulator for the signaling(More)
PURPOSE To study and report the clinical outcomes and patterns of failure in the patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) staged by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS From January 2007 to December 2011, 720 NPC patients without metastasis staged by MRI were treated with(More)
Because of increased total red blood cell mass and the demands of the fetus, iron requirements are greater during pregnancy than at most other times. Previous experiments in nonpregnant women have shown that iron deficiency (ID) can reduce circulating thyroxine and triiodothyronine levels; therefore, we hypothesized that ID before pregnancy can reduce(More)
Ras plays a pivotal role in many cellular activities, and its subcellular compartmentalization provides spatial and temporal selectivity. Here we report a mode of spatial regulation of Ras signaling in the Golgi apparatus by two highly homologous proteins PAQR10 and PAQR11 of the progestin and AdipoQ receptors family. PAQR10 and PAQR11 are exclusively(More)
OBJECTIVE Progesterone and adipoQ receptor (PAQR) 10 and PAQR11 are 2 highly homologous genes involved in compartmentalized Ras signaling in the Golgi apparatus. The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological functions of PAQR10 and PAQR11. METHODS AND RESULTS We used zebrafish as a model system to analyze the potential function of(More)
PAQR10 (progestin and adipoQ receptor 10) is a Golgi-localized protein that is able to enhance the retention and activation of Ras proteins in the Golgi apparatus, subsequently leading to a sustained ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) signalling. However, little is known about the topology and functional domains of PAQR10. In the present study, we(More)
BACKGROUND The calcium-binding S100A4 protein is involved in epithelial to mesenchymal transition, oncogenic transformation, angiogenesis, cytoskeletal integrity, mobility and metastasis of cancer cells. This study aimed to clarify the roles of S100A4 in genesis and progression of glioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS S100A4 expression was examined by real-time(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the influence of prolonged radiation treatment time (RTT) on survival outcomes in nasopharyngeal carcinoma after continuous intensity-modulated radiation therapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS Retrospectively review 321 patients with NPC treated between October 2009 and December 2010 and all of them underwent simultaneous accelerated(More)
To overcome the affection of heavy clutter and dim target intensity on small target detection, an efficient morphological method through clutter elimination is proposed. The proposed adaptive method imports the property of the target region into the morphological operations, which apparently improves the performance of the method and can largely enhance the(More)
Oct4 and Sox2 are two major transcription factors related to the stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. The aim of this study was to examine the association between Oct4 and Sox2 expression levels with both the clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses of patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Tumor tissue samples from 85(More)