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OBJECTIVES Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca-ATPases (SERCA2a) plays an essential role in the Ca homeostasis and cardiac functions. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) decreases the SERCA2a, which may underlie cardiac dysfunction during sepsis and heart failure. Because the promoter region of SERCA2a contains CpG islands, gene methylation should be critical in(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a major complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). Currently, effective treatments for diabetic cardiomyopathy are limited. The pathophysiology of diabetic cardiomyopathy is complex, whereas mitochondrial dysfunction plays a vital role in the genesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Metabolic regulation targeting mitochondrial dysfunction(More)
We report an unusual case of primary hypothalamic lymphoma with hypopituitarism presenting as Stiff-man syndrome (SMS). A 64-year-old man was hospitalized due to a 3-week history of general weakness, anorexia, vomiting, weight loss, and muscle pain and spasms precipitated by motion and tactile stimuli resulting in muscle stiffness and difficulty in(More)
Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2a) plays an essential role in Ca(2+) homeostasis and cardiac functions. The promoter region of SERCA2a has a high content of CpG islands; thus, epigenetic modification by inhibiting methylation can enhance SERCA2a expression in cardiomyocytes. Hydralazine, a drug frequently used in heart failure, is a(More)
A total of 1076 patients with thyroid nodules were reviewed. The accuracy of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and frozen section (FS) were compared and clinical risk factors were analyzed. Our results indicate that 67.9% are benign and 32.1% are malignant with the predominance of papillary thyroid cancer (75.1%). Overall diagnostic accuracy for FNAB and(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) play a pivotal role in myocardial lipid and glucose homeostasis. We investigated the effects of diabetes on PPAR isoforms in different cardiac regions and explored whether proinflammatory cytokines or oxidative stress modulate PPARs in diabetic hearts. MATERIALS AND METHODS Male Wistar rats(More)
PURPOSE To develop and evaluate a Web-based, patient-orientated diabetic education management (POEM) system. METHODS The POEM system has been developed to extend hospital patient education by integrating patients' medical care data into their education program components and presenting them on the Web. Since most patients are concerned about their medical(More)
Hypertension and DM (diabetes mellitus) are common chronic disorders that often co-exist. DM and PPAR (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor)-γ agonists may directly impair heart function. However, the effects of DM and PPAR-γ agonists on hypertensive myocardium are not known. Hence the aim of the present study was to investigate whether DM and a(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the influence of diabetes mellitus (DM), glycemic control, and diabetes-related comorbidities on manifestations and outcome of treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Culture positive pulmonary TB patients notified to health authorities in three hospitals in Taiwan from 2005-2010 were investigated.(More)
BACKGROUND High free fatty acid with reduced glucose utilization in diabetes mellitus (DM) impairs cardiac function. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) modulate myocardial lipid and glucose homeostasis. The active 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) regulates oxidative stress and inflammation, which may play a key role in the modulation(More)