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Transcriptional R loops are anomalous RNA:DNA hybrids that have been detected in organisms from bacteria to humans. These structures have been shown in eukaryotes to result in DNA damage and rearrangements; however, the mechanisms underlying these effects have remained largely unknown. To investigate this, we first show that R-loop formation induces(More)
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal type of cancer among all frequent gynecologic malignancies, because most patients present with advanced disease at diagnosis. Exosomes are important intercellular communication vehicles, released by various cell types. Here we presented firstly the protein profile of highly purified exosomes derived from two ovarian cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinicopathological features of ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors (SLCTs) and to explore the reasonable therapy. METHODS A total of 40 cases of SLCTs were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS The incidence of SLCTs was 0.41%, with a median age of 28 years. All tumors were confined to one ovary. Four tumors were well(More)
Aldose reductase (alditol:NAD(P)+ 1-oxidoreductase), an enzyme implicated in the pathogenesis of various diabetic complications, catalyzes the reduction of a variety of aldehydes. From a mouse kidney library, we isolated aldose reductase cDNA that encodes a 316-amino-acid protein with approximately 97% identity to rat lens aldose reductase, approximately(More)
This two-site immunoassay measures erythrocyte aldose reductase by using monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies to recombinant human enzyme. Total incubation time is 2.5 h, and the limit of detection is < 0.05 microgram/L. Analytical recovery tested with blood samples from healthy and diabetic individuals was 101-106%. Average CVs within and between assays(More)
A majority of patients with ovarian carcinoma who receive conventional treatment of surgical staging and platinum-based chemotherapy recur and ultimately succumb to their diseases. Novel therapies that target specific pathways involved in ovarian tumorigenesis are rapidly emerging. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in 30-98% of(More)
To examine whether the level of erythrocyte aldose reductase is a risk factor for the severity of diabetic retinopathy, the enzyme level in 97 non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients was measured by the two-site enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Based on the results of fundus photography and biomicroscopy, the severity of retinopathy was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of methotrexate (MTX) injection in treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). METHOD A randomized controlled study was performed in 104 CSP patients receiving either local or systemic MTX injection at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from the year 2008 to 2013. RESULTS Complete cure was defined as(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the genetic and molecular events that control subclones exhibiting distinct invasive/migratory capacities derived from human epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cell line A2780 and SKOV3. METHODS Single-cell subclones were isolated and established that were derived from the SKOV3 and A2780 cell lines through limiting dilution(More)
Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) extending to inferior vena cava and heart is one of the most challenging conditions for surgical treatment. We explored the use of computerized tomography angiography (CTA) in preoperative assessment for this disease. A cohort of 31 patients with IVL extending to inferior vena cava and heart were reviewed from the year 2002(More)