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We made use of 81,635 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) derived from 12 different cDNA libraries of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, inbred strain Dazao (P50), to identify high-quality candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). By PHRAP assembling, 12,980 contigs containing 11,537 contigs assembled by more than one read were obtained, and 101 candidate SNPs(More)
Silkworm (Bombyx mori), a model system for Lepidoptera, has contributed enormously to the study of insect immunology especially in humoral immunity. But little is known about the molecular mechanism of immune response in the silkworm. Toll receptors are a group of evolutionarily ancient proteins, which play a crucial role in the innate immunity of both(More)
BACKGROUND Serine proteases (SPs) and serine proteases homologs (SPHs) are a large group of proteolytic enzymes, with important roles in a variety of physiological processes, such as cell signalling, defense and development. Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of serine proteases and their homologs in the silkworm might provide valuable(More)
Pigmentation patterning has long interested biologists, integrating topics in ecology, development, genetics, and physiology. Wild-type neonatal larvae of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, are completely black. By contrast, the epidermis and head of larvae of the homozygous recessive sex-linked chocolate (sch) mutant are reddish brown. When incubated at 30 degrees(More)
piggyBac is a short inverted terminal repeat (ITR) transposable element originally discovered in Trichoplusia ni. It is currently the preferred vector of choice for enhancer trapping, gene discovery and identifying gene function in insects and mammals. Many piggyBac-like sequences have been found in the genomes of phylogenetically species from fungi to(More)
The Argonaute protein family is a highly conserved group of proteins, which have been implicated in RNA silencing in both plants and animals. Here, four members of the Argonaute family were systemically identified based on the genome sequence of Bombyx mori. Based on their sequence similarity, BmAgo1 and BmAgo2 belong to the Ago subfamily, while BmAgo3 and(More)
The genes responsible for silk biosynthesis are switched on and off at particular times in the silk glands of Bombyx mori. This switch appears to be under the control of endogenous and exogenous hormones. However, the molecular mechanisms by which silk protein synthesis is regulated by the juvenile hormone (JH) are largely unknown. Here, we report a basic(More)
Tarantula venoms provide a model system for studying toxin selectivity, structure-activity relationships and molecular evolution of peptide toxins. Previous studies have identified a large number of peptide toxins in the venom of the Chinese bird spider Haplopelma hainanum, generally regarded as a highly venomous spider. However, the lack of available(More)
Cecropin A1 (CecA1) promoter from Bombyx mori was cloned and characterized to provide insight into the transcriptional control of this antimicrobial peptide gene upon immune challenges. Reporter gene assays demonstrated that both Escherichia coli and lipopolysaccharide could induce expression in BmE cells but B. bombyseptieus or peptidoglycan failed, and(More)
According to the analysis of large scale EST sequencing of silkworm, Bombyx mori, we found that chi, glue and fruA of silkworm have very high homology at amino acid level and closely phylogenetic relative with that of microorganism, but lower similarity with genes of eelworm (Caenorhabditis elegans), fruitfly (Drosophila melanogaster), mosquito (Anopheles(More)
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