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It has been suggested repeatedly that the non-heritable factors in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia involve abnormalities of prenatal neurodevelopment. Furthermore, post-mortem studies show neuropathology of apparently developmental origin in the entorhinal cortex and other brain regions of schizophrenic subjects. In an attempt to model a developmental(More)
Deficits in social behaviour are found in several neuropsychiatric disorders with a presumed developmental origin. Adequate social behaviour may rely importantly on the associative integration of new stimuli with previously stored, related information. The limbic allocortex, in particular the entorhinal region, is thought to support this kind of processing.(More)
We investigated whether the acute effects of haloperidol and clozapine on Fos expression in the rat forebrain are mediated by the same receptors through evaluation of cross-tolerance, particularly in the commonly affected areas. Acutely administered haloperidol (1 mg/kg. i.p.) and clozapine (20 mg/kg, i.p.) induce regionally different (e.g., the striatum,(More)
Chronic stress induces neurobiological alterations which have consequences for subsequent stress handling. In the current experiment, ovariectomized rats were subjected daily to a stressor for 21 days. Thereafter, the rats were treated for 21 days with 17beta-estradiol benzoate (10 microg/250 g, once every 4 days) or mirtazapine (10 mg/kg, daily). In this(More)
Olfactory bulbectomy is a well established animal model of depression. Neurochemical and behavioral alterations observed following olfactory bulbectomy, are due, in part, to the neurodegeneration of specific brain structures. Amygdaloid dysfunction in particular, is known to play a substantial role in the syndrome of the olfactory bulbectomized rat. The(More)
It has been hypothesized that a deleterious key contribution to schizophrenia (SZ) development is a failure of migration and setting of young neurons into their appropriate cortical target sites, particularly in the entorhinal cortex (EC). To test this hypothesis in an animal model, we injected, in pregnant rats, on gestational day (GD) 9, or 10, or 11, or(More)
Unlike classical antipsychotic drugs, clozapine activates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and induces a specific regional pattern of Fos-protein expression in the rat forebrain. Whether corticosterone plays a role in the clozapine-induced Fos response is the subject of this study. Some rats were adrenalectomized and in a number, including intact(More)
Asymmetrical turning behavior is an established indicator of asymmetrical dopaminergic activity and thought to be a manifestation of hemispatial neglect. We set out to find converging support for the hypothesis that cortisol modulates frontal dopaminergic asymmetrical activity, and hence dopaminergically mediated approach behaviors, by studying the effect(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Spotting lethal (sl) rats, a model for Hirschsprung's disease, recently have been found to carry a deletion in the endothelin B (ET(B)) gene, causing functional lack of ET(B) receptors. The ET(B) receptor mediates, together with and in counterbalance to the ET(A) receptor, endothelin actions on vessels, cell proliferation, and migration.(More)