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Both acute and long-term effects of haloperidol and clozapine on Fos-like immunoreactive nuclei in several rat forebrain areas were quantified. Rats were treated with saline (1 ml/kg.day, control), haloperidol (1 mg/kg.day) and clozapine (20 mg/kg.day) i.p. for 21 days. Two hours before perfusion fixation a single (acute treatment) or last (long-term(More)
It has been hypothesized that a deleterious key contribution to schizophrenia (SZ) development is a failure of migration and setting of young neurons into their appropriate cortical target sites, particularly in the entorhinal cortex (EC). To test this hypothesis in an animal model, we injected, in pregnant rats, on gestational day (GD) 9, or 10, or 11, or(More)
Olfactory bulbectomy is a well established animal model of depression. Neurochemical and behavioral alterations observed following olfactory bulbectomy, are due, in part, to the neurodegeneration of specific brain structures. Amygdaloid dysfunction in particular, is known to play a substantial role in the syndrome of the olfactory bulbectomized rat. The(More)
It has been suggested repeatedly that the non-heritable factors in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia involve abnormalities of prenatal neurodevelopment. Furthermore, post-mortem studies show neuropathology of apparently developmental origin in the entorhinal cortex and other brain regions of schizophrenic subjects. In an attempt to model a developmental(More)
Unlike classical antipsychotic drugs, clozapine activates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and induces a specific regional pattern of Fos-protein expression in the rat forebrain. Whether corticosterone plays a role in the clozapine-induced Fos response is the subject of this study. Some rats were adrenalectomized and in a number, including intact(More)
Asymmetrical turning behavior is an established indicator of asymmetrical dopaminergic activity and thought to be a manifestation of hemispatial neglect. We set out to find converging support for the hypothesis that cortisol modulates frontal dopaminergic asymmetrical activity, and hence dopaminergically mediated approach behaviors, by studying the effect(More)
Acute administration of the atypical antipsychotic drug olanzapine (5 mg kg(-1 i.p.) increased the number of Fos-positive cells moderately in the prefrontal cortex and the striatum; more pronounced were the effects in the nucleus accumbens, the lateral septum, the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus and the amygdala. The acutely-induced Fos responses of(More)
Schizophrenia is often associated with emotional blunting--the diminished ability to respond to emotionally salient stimuli--particularly those stimuli representative of negative emotional states, such as fear. This disturbance may stem from dysfunction of the amygdala, a brain region involved in fear processing. The present article describes a novel animal(More)
Chronic stress induces neurobiological alterations which have consequences for subsequent stress handling. In the current experiment, ovariectomized rats were subjected daily to a stressor for 21 days. Thereafter, the rats were treated for 21 days with 17beta-estradiol benzoate (10 microg/250 g, once every 4 days) or mirtazapine (10 mg/kg, daily). In this(More)
Deficits in social behaviour are found in several neuropsychiatric disorders with a presumed developmental origin. Adequate social behaviour may rely importantly on the associative integration of new stimuli with previously stored, related information. The limbic allocortex, in particular the entorhinal region, is thought to support this kind of processing.(More)