Tine Vermoesen

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West Africa is currently witnessing the most extensive Ebola virus (EBOV) outbreak so far recorded. Until now, there have been 27,013 reported cases and 11,134 deaths. The origin of the virus is thought to have been a zoonotic transmission from a bat to a two-year-old boy in December 2013 (ref. 2). From this index case the virus was spread by human-to-human(More)
The aim of the study was to determine if sensitive and resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype B primary isolates have different neutralization kinetics. Neutralization assays were undertaken where either the time allowed for virus to react with antibodies or the subsequent period of this mixture's exposure to target cells were varied.(More)
HIV-1 Env pseudotyped viruses (PV) are an attractive tool for studying the antiviral activities of compounds interfering with virus entry into a target cell. To investigate whether results obtained in PV assays are relevant biologically, the antiviral activity of 6 reference compounds was compared on 5 virus isolates of different clades using three assays:(More)
The hypothesis is that there are neutralizing epitopes on the surface of free virions of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) that correspond to the genetic subtype of the envelope glycoprotein. Assays with extended incubation and reduced absorption phases are required to demonstrate neutralization with antibodies to these epitopes. These assays(More)
HIV-1 pseudoviruses constitute an important tool in HIV-1 vaccine and entry inhibitor research. Single-cycle pseudoviruses carrying functional envelopes are generated by co-transfecting HEK293T cells with pNL4-3.LucR(-)E(-) and Env expression plasmids. However, cloning of Env genes is time consuming and single Env clones are not representative of the(More)
BACKGROUND  A unit of the European Mobile Laboratory (EMLab) consortium was deployed to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) treatment unit in Guéckédou, Guinea, from March 2014 through March 2015. METHODS  The unit diagnosed EVD and malaria, using the RealStar Filovirus Screen reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) kit and a malaria rapid(More)
Quantification of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) neutralizing antibodies is considered to be an important parameter in evaluating candidate vaccines. Most previous studies have failed to detect vaccine-induced antibodies against primary isolates, which are more resistant to antibody mediated neutralization compared with laboratory isolates, in(More)
There is need for more evaluations of non-invasive tests in order to broaden the reach of testing programs and to perform large scale epidemiological studies. In this study, three different human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) and one line immunoassay were evaluated to detect HIV antibodies in oral fluid samples.(More)
BACKGROUND As HIV remains a public health concern, increased testing among those at risk for HIV acquisition is important. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are the most important group for targeted HIV testing in Europe. Several new strategies have been developed and implemented to increase HIV-testing uptake in this group, among them the Swab2know project.(More)
BACKGROUND Late human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis is common among sub-Saharan African migrants. To address their barriers to HIV testing uptake and improve timely HIV diagnoses and linkage to care, the outreach HIV testing intervention, "swab2know," was developed. It combined a community-based approach with innovative testing methods: oral fluid(More)