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OBJECTIVES A population-based assessment of maternal and perinatal morbidity related to respiratory illness during influenza season among pregnant women has not been published. The objectives of this investigation were to describe and quantify the impact of respiratory hospitalization during pregnancy on serious maternal and perinatal morbidity. STUDY(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of invasive pneumococcal disease among persons with asthma is unknown. METHODS We conducted a nested case-control study to examine the association between asthma and invasive pneumococcal disease. The study population included persons 2 to 49 years of age who were enrolled in Tennessee's Medicaid program (TennCare) for more than one(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways which may involve an oxidant injury to the lung. Assessment of oxidant stress is difficult in vivo, but measurement of F2-isoprostanes (F2-IsoPs), free radical-catalysed products of arachidonic acid, appears to offer a reliable approach for quantitative measurement of oxidative stress status in vivo.(More)
We determined the prevalence of human metapneumovirus (hMPV) infection in adults with asthma who were prospectively enrolled after hospitalization for an acute asthma exacerbation. Nasal wash specimens collected at admission and 3 months after discharge were tested for hMPV by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assays. hMPV was(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is a burgeoning problem, with rates of antibiotic-nonsusceptible IPD, in particular, increasing during the past decade. One measure to combat IPD is vaccination with the recently introduced 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). METHODS To evaluate the effects of the introduction of PCV in 2000 on the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe antidepressant medication use patterns during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN We evaluated a cohort of 228,876 singleton pregnancies that were covered by Tennessee Medicaid, 1995-2007. RESULTS Of 23,280 pregnant women with antidepressant prescriptions before pregnancy, 75% of them filled(More)
UNLABELLED In August 2014, an outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) occurred in North America, causing severe respiratory disease in children. Due to a lack of complete genome sequence data, there is only a limited understanding of the molecular evolution and epidemiology of EV-D68 during this outbreak, and it is uncertain whether the differing clinical(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) are products of the COX pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism. There are five primary PGs, PGD₂, PGE₂, PGF₂, PGI₂ and thromboxane A₂, all of which signal through distinct seven transmembrane, G-protein coupled receptors. Some PGs may counteract the actions of others, or even the same PG may have opposing physiologic or immunologic(More)
BACKGROUND Rhinoviruses frequently cause the common cold but have not been considered important causes of acute respiratory hospitalizations in children. METHODS A population-based surveillance study was performed among children <5 years of age who were hospitalized with respiratory symptoms or fever and who resided within counties encompassing Nashville,(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based assays are increasingly used to diagnose viral respiratory infections and conduct epidemiology studies. Molecular assays have generally been evaluated by comparing them to conventional direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) or viral culture techniques, with few published direct comparisons between(More)