Tina M. Weatherby

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Aerobic methanotrophic bacteria consume methane as it diffuses away from methanogenic zones of soil and sediment. They act as a biofilter to reduce methane emissions to the atmosphere, and they are therefore targets in strategies to combat global climate change. No cultured methanotroph grows optimally below pH 5, but some environments with active methane(More)
Copepods, the small planktonic crustaceans that are the most abundant metazoans in the oceans, are so successful partly because they have an escape response that accelerates them to 200 body lengths per second within milliseconds. We find that nerve fibres of many copepods seem to be designed for rapid signalling. They have well-developed myelin-like(More)
Speed of nerve impulse conduction is greatly increased by myelin, a multi-layered membranous sheath surrounding axons. Myelinated axons are ubiquitous among the vertebrates, but relatively rare among invertebrates. Electron microscopy of calanoid copepods using rapid cryofixation techniques revealed the widespread presence of myelinated axons. Myelin(More)
The sinus gland of Cardisoma carnifex was examined by light and transmission electron microscopy. This neurohemal organ is composed primarily of enlarged, branching axon terminals with numerous finger-like projections, which act as storage and release sites for neurohormones that are assumed to be contained in membrane-bound, electron-dense neurosecretory(More)
The majority of scleractinian corals are hermaphrodites that broadcast spawn their gametes separately or packaged as egg–sperm bundles during spawning events that are timed to the lunar cycle. The egg–sperm bundle is an efficient way of transporting gametes to the ocean surface where fertilization takes place, while minimizing sperm dilution and maximizing(More)
s presented in this symposium were written by graduate students in the Univers ity of Hawaii Department of Zoology, 2538 The Mall, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822. the spati al pattern of the population was rand om. Of the remaining three populations, two showed a pattern of agg regation and one showed a patte rn of uniformity. Both sex and age differences were(More)
Calcium overload of neural cell mitochondria plays a key role in excitotoxic and ischemic brain injury. This study tested the hypothesis that brain mitochondria consist of subpopulations with differential sensitivity to calcium-induced inner membrane permeability transition, and that this sensitivity is greatly reduced by physiological levels of adenine(More)
The mechanoreceptors of the first antennae of Pleuromamma xiphias, a mesopelagic calanoid copepod, are critical for the detection of potential threats. These receptors exceed the physiological performance of other crustacean mechanoreceptors in sensitivity to water velocities as well as in frequency response. A study of these receptors was initiated to(More)
Electron-microscopic comparison of K+-stimulated and unstimulated crab sinus glands reveals significant differences in neurosecretory terminal morphology. Sinus glands exposed to elevated K+ saline for increasing periods of time show increasing numbers of exocytotic release profiles, vacuoles, and multilamellate bodies, and a decrease in the number of(More)
In some animals, such as fish, insects, and cephalopods, the thick egg coat has a narrow canal-a micropyle-through which spermatozoa enter the eggs. In fish, there is no indication that spermatozoa are attracted by eggs from a distance, but once spermatozoa come near the outer opening of the micropyle, they exhibit directed movement toward it, suggesting(More)