Tina M. Leisner

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CIB1 is a 22-kDa calcium binding, regulatory protein with approximately 50% homology to calmodulin and calcineurin B. CIB1 is widely expressed and binds to a number of effectors, such as integrin alphaIIb, PAK1, and polo-like kinases, in different tissues. However, the in vivo functions of CIB1 are not well understood. To elucidate the function of CIB1 in(More)
p21-activated kinases (PAKs) regulate many cellular processes, including cytoskeletal rearrangement and cell migration. In this study, we report a direct and specific interaction of PAK1 with a 22-kD Ca2+-binding protein, CIB1, which results in PAK1 activation both in vitro and in vivo. CIB1 binds to PAK1 within discrete regions surrounding the inhibitory(More)
As a consequence of platelet activation and fibrinogen binding, glycoprotein (GP)IIb-IIIa (integrin alphaIIbbeta3) becomes associated with the cytoskeleton. Although talin has been suggested to act as a linkage protein mediating the attachment of GPIIb-IIIa to actin filaments, direct binding of GPIIb-IIIa to this cytoskeletal protein has not been(More)
Activation of blood platelets by physiological stimuli (e.g. thrombin, ADP) at sites of vascular injury induces inside-out signaling, resulting in a conformational change of the prototype integrin alphaIIbbeta3 from an inactive to an active state competent to bind soluble fibrinogen. Furthermore, ligand occupancy of alphaIIbbeta3 initiates outside-in(More)
Pathological angiogenesis contributes to various ocular, malignant, and inflammatory disorders, emphasizing the need to understand this process on a molecular level. CIB1 (calcium- and integrin-binding protein), a 22-kDa EF-hand-containing protein, modulates the activity of p21-activated kinase 1 in fibroblasts. Because p21-activated kinase 1 also(More)
The αIIbβ3 integrin is expressed on platelets and platelet precursors, megakaryocytes. Integrin αIIbβ3, when in a resting state, does not bind plasma fi brinogen. However, upon platelet stimulation by agonists such as thrombin, intracellular signals are generated that change the conformation of αIIbβ3 to an active state via “inside-out” signaling (for(More)
CIB1 is a 22-kDa regulatory protein previously implicated in cell survival and proliferation. However, the mechanism by which CIB1 regulates these processes is poorly defined. Here, we report that CIB1 depletion in SK-N-SH neuroblastoma and MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cells promotes non-apoptotic, caspase-independent cell death that is not initiated by(More)
In response to agonist stimulation, the alphaIIbbeta3 integrin on platelets is converted to an active conformation that binds fibrinogen and mediates platelet aggregation. This process contributes to both normal hemostasis and thrombosis. Activation of alphaIIbbeta3 is believed to occur in part via engagement of the beta3 cytoplasmic tail with talin;(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Integrin alphaIIbbeta3 activation is essential for platelet aggregation and related hemostatic events. In recent years, intense effort has been put forward to understand the molecular mechanisms regulating platelet integrin alphaIIbbeta3 activation. Here we review the current models of alphaIIbbeta3 activation and highlight the potential(More)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive breast cancer subtype with generally poor prognosis and no available targeted therapies, highlighting a critical unmet need to identify and characterize novel therapeutic targets. We previously demonstrated that CIB1 is necessary for cancer cell survival and proliferation via regulation of two oncogenic(More)