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Pax3 and Pax7 are powerful myogenic inducers and hence play a critical role in skeletal muscle development and regeneration. In this paper we discuss the role of Pax3 and Pax7 in dorsal patterning of the somite with subsequent determination of myogenic precursor cells for muscle formation within the developing embryo and in adult muscle. Recent evidence of(More)
BACKGROUND Inherited retinal disease represents a significant cause of blindness and visual morbidity worldwide. With the development of emerging molecular technologies, accessible and well-governed repositories of data characterising inherited retinal disease patients is becoming increasingly important. This manuscript introduces such a repository. (More)
Pax genes encode transcription factors that are critical regulators of key developmental processes in evolutionarily diverse animal phyla. Here we report the first isolation of a Pax gene from a crustacean: a Pax group III gene we have termed CdpaxIII that contains highly conserved DNA-binding domains, the paired domain and homeodomain. CdpaxIII is(More)
Next-generation sequencing, also known as massively paralleled sequencing, offers an unprecedented opportunity to study disease mechanisms of inherited retinal dystrophies: a dramatic change from a few years ago. The specific involvement of the retina and the manageable number of genes to sequence make inherited retinal dystrophies an attractive model to(More)
One type of fast fiber and two types of slow (slow-twitch, S1 and slow-tonic, S2) fibers are found in decapod crustacean skeletal muscles that differ in contractile properties and myofibrillar protein isoform compositions. In this study the structural characteristics, protein isoform compositions, and Ca2+-activation properties of fast fibers in the claw(More)
Abnormalities in the BEST1 gene have recently been recognised as causing autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB). ARB has been noted to have a variable phenotypic presentation, distinct from that of autosomal dominant Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD). Both conditions are associated with deposits in the retina, a reduced or absent(More)
The assignment of pathogenicity to variants suspected of causing an inherited retinal disease and the subsequent creation of molecular genetic reports sent to clinical geneticists and ophthalmologists has traditionally been time-consuming and subject to error and ambiguity. The purpose of this paper is to describe a computer-assisted method we have(More)
BACKGROUND X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) is a leading cause of juvenile macular degeneration associated with mutations in the RS1 gene. XLRS has a variable expressivity in males and shows no clinical phenotype in carrier females. DESIGN Clinical and molecular characterization of male and female individuals affected with XLRS in a consanguineous family. (More)
PURPOSE Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the most common form of inherited blindness, caused by progressive degeneration of photoreceptor cells in the retina, and affects approximately 1 in 3,000 people. Over the past decade, significant progress has been made in gene therapy for RP and related diseases, making genetic characterization increasingly important.(More)
PURPOSE To present en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) images generated by graph-search theory algorithm-based custom software and examine correlation with other imaging modalities. METHODS En face OCT images derived from high density OCT volumetric scans of 3 healthy subjects and 4 patients using a custom algorithm (graph-search theory) and(More)