Tina L Samuels

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OBJECTIVES Studies using combined multichannel intraluminal impedance with pH monitoring reveal a role for nonacidic reflux in laryngopharyngeal symptoms and injury. We have discovered that pepsin is taken up by laryngeal epithelial cells by receptor-mediated endocytosis. This finding reveals a novel mechanism by which pepsin could cause cell damage,(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To clarify the relationship between chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and extraesophageal reflux (EER) using state-of-the-art technology. We hypothesized that patients with medically and surgically refractory CRS would have a greater prevalence of EER. We also hypothesized that there would be evidence of gastric refluxate reaching the(More)
Diagnosis of extraesophageal reflux (EER) currently relies on tools designed for diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux. Such tools lack the sensitivity and reproducibility to detect the less frequent and mildly acidic reflux associated with upper airway disease. Pepsin has been posited to be a reliable biological marker of EER. Our aim was to present a(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to document the mucin gene profile in normal human laryngeal epithelium and compare it with that in patients with reflux-attributed laryngeal injury or disease. We also investigated the effect of low pH with or without pepsin on mucin messenger RNA levels in vitro. METHODS Laryngeal biopsy specimens were obtained from 3 patients with(More)
Importance Persistent, viscous middle ear effusion in pediatric otitis media (OM) contributes to increased likelihood of anesthesia and surgery, conductive hearing loss, and subsequent developmental delays. Biomarkers of effusion viscosity and hearing loss have not yet been identified despite the potential that such markers hold for targeted therapy and(More)
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is thought to be a significant risk factor for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), but causality has never been proven. It is accepted that chronic reflux into the esophagus can induce metaplastic changes in esophageal mucosa with subsequent increased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma, but no similar(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) has been implicated as a promoter of laryngeal cancer. Within the larynx, the posterior commissure (PC) is the region that usually comes into direct contact with refluxed materials. Specific laryngeal cell lines useful for in vitro studies are not widely available, and noncancer-derived PC laryngeal cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the contribution of pepsin to inflammation attributed to nonacidic gastric reflux via analysis of inflammatory cytokine and cytokine receptor gene expression in pepsin-treated human hypopharyngeal epithelial cells in vitro. STUDY DESIGN Translational research. SETTING This study was performed in an academic research laboratory.(More)
Cyclin G1 is a p53-responsive gene that is induced in alternative reading frame (ARF)-arrested cells, yet its role in growth control is unclear. We tested its effects on growth and involvement in the ARF-Mdm2-p53 tumor suppressor pathway. We show that cyclin G1 interacts with ARF, Mdm2, and p53 in vitro and in vivo. At high levels, cyclin G1 induces a(More)
OBJECTIVES Tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) and prosthesis insertion is a well-established method of voice rehabilitation after laryngectomy. Maintenance of the prosthesis and tract can be challenging, and reflux to the TEP site has been proposed as a cause. The sites of TEP were evaluated for the presence of pepsin in tissue biopsy specimens and tract(More)