Tina L. Bloom

Learn More
Current rates of intimate partner homicide of females are approximately 4 to 5 times the rate for male victims, although the rates for both have decreased during the past 25 years. The major risk factor for intimate partner homicide, no matter if a female or male partner is killed, is prior domestic violence. This review presents and critiques the evidence(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether individualized nursing case management can decrease stress among pregnant women at risk for or in abusive relationships. DESIGN A multisite randomized controlled trial. SETTING Two prenatal clinics in the Pacific Northwest and rural Midwest. PARTICIPANTS 1,000 women who spoke English and were 13 to 23 weeks pregnant at(More)
A computerized safety decision aid was developed and tested with Spanish or English-speaking abused women in shelters or domestic violence (DV) support groups (n = 90). The decision aid provides feedback about risk for lethal violence, options for safety, assistance with setting priorities for safety, and a safety plan personalized to the user. Women(More)
OBJECTIVES We revised the Danger Assessment to predict reassault in abusive female same-sex relationships. METHODS We used focus groups and interviews to evaluate the assessment tool and identify new risk factors and telephone interviews at baseline and at 1-month follow-up to evaluate the revised assessment. RESULTS The new assessment tool comprised 8(More)
Advocates, clinicians, policy makers, and survivors frequently cite intimate partner violence (IPV) as an immediate cause of or precursor to housing problems. Research has indicated an association between homelessness and IPV, yet few studies examine IPV and housing instability. Housing instability differs from homelessness, in that someone experiencing(More)
This study used Landenburger's theory, a process of leaving and recovering from an abusive relationship, as a framework to interview 35 pregnant women identified as being at high risk for abuse. Results are reported on 18 women who disclosed active abuse during the study. Landenburger's model was not a good fit. Our participants became trapped and endured(More)
Using a metasynthesis approach, our aim was to articulate new insights relating to the most efficient and effective means of helping homeless women with substance abuse problems to enhance their well-being and become more stably housed. Distorted perceptions of competency, which are shaped by dysfunctional relationships and mental health problems, make it(More)
Disclosure of abuse by pregnant women can vary depending on whether the woman is assessed directly by a trained interviewer versus written questionnaires, and if she is asked repeatedly during the course of pregnancy. One thousand pregnant women were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial designed to assess the effects of a nursing case management(More)
We describe adverse pregnancy outcomes, including congenital anomalies, fetal, neonatal, and infant mortality among a Missouri population of low-income, rural mothers who participated in two randomized smoking cessation trials. In the Baby BEEP (BB) trial, 695 rural women were recruited from 21 WIC clinics with 650 women's pregnancy outcomes known (93.5%(More)
High utilization of medical services during pregnancy has not been described as most studies have focused on women who receive inadequate or no prenatal care. This paper describes the characteristics and medical utilization data of 500 pregnant women enrolled in a prospective study. High utilizers (HU), who had a mean of 7.8 utilizations (SD = 3.2), were(More)