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This study reports pharmacological and physiological effects of cis- and trans-(3-aminocyclopentanyl)butylphosphinic acid (cis- and trans-3-ACPBPA). These compounds are conformationally restricted analogs of the orally active GABA(B/C) receptor antagonist (3-aminopropyl)-n-butylphosphinic acid (CGP36742 or SGS742). cis-[IC(50)(rho1) = 5.06 microM and(More)
GABA(A) receptors are sensitive to subtle changes in the environment in both early-life and adulthood. These neurochemical responses to stress in adulthood are sex-dependent. Acute stress induces rapid changes in GABA(A) receptors in experimental animals, with the direction of the changes varying according to the sex of the animals and the stress-paradigm(More)
This study aimed to investigate the binding affinity of [3H]GABA and [3H]beta-alanine to GABA transporters GAT-1 and GAT-3 in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (Brodmanns' area 9) in schizophrenia. Using post mortem tissue from individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia (n=6) and control subjects (n=6), the density of GAT-1 was established by(More)
Sex-differences are observed in the GABAergic neurotransmitter system both at rest and following acute stress, yet the brain regions and functional implications of these differences are unknown. We examined sex-differences in the number of low- and high-affinity [3H]GABA binding sites in various brain regions of male and female mice and the effect of stress(More)
This article profiles ten examples of chemicals derived from herbal preparations that influence ionotropic receptors for the brain’s major inhibitory neurotransmitter g-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Many herbal medicines are used to influence brain function in order to treat anxiety, cognitive disorders, and insomnia. Such disorders are considered likely to(More)
Changes in GABA(A) receptors are observed in schizophrenia, with benzodiazepine-sensitive GABA(A) receptor subtypes being affected differently to other subtypes. However, long-term antipsychotic drug use in schizophrenia may underlie these changes. To test this, we examined the effects of administering a typical (haloperidol) and an atypical (olanzapine)(More)
The R- and S-enantiomers of 4-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid (GABOB) were full agonists at human recombinant rho1 GABA(C) receptors. Their enantioselectivity (R>S) matched that reported for their agonist actions at GABA(B) receptors, but was the opposite to that reported at GABA(A) receptors (S>R). The corresponding methylphosphinic acid analogues proved to(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) in pre-eclampsia is unknown. Given that ACh levels are affected in pre-eclampsia, it has been suggested that compensatory changes in nAChR expression may ensue. This study aimed to determine the effects of pre-eclampsia on the mRNA and protein expression of 12 mammalian nAChR subunits. (More)
Spontaneous aortocaval fistula is a rare but documented complication of arteriosclerotic abdominal aortic aneurysm. Most cases reported have presented clinically with a palpable aneurysm, abdominal bruit, and high output congestive heart failure. A diagnosis in such cases requires active demonstration of findings secondary to arteriovenous shunting, which(More)
Smoking during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight, premature delivery, and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Nicotine, a major pathogenic compound of cigarette smoke, binds to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). A total of 16 nAChR subunits have been identified in mammals (9 α, 4 β, and 1 δ, γ and ε subunits). The effect of cigarette(More)