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This paper discusses the concepts of fractal geometry in a cellular biological context. It defines the concept of the fractal dimension. D, as a measure of complexity and illustrates the two different general ways of quantitatively measuring D by length-related and mass-related methods. Then, these several Ds are compared and contrasted. A goal of the paper(More)
THE PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER is to bring together recent experimental and theoretical results which, when considered together, add to our understanding of the monosynaptic excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) in moto-neurons. A general mathematical neuron model has been proposed which provides a means of computing EPSP properties that result when synapses(More)
Pyramidal neurons in the mammalian cerebral cortex can be described by a fractal dimension (Mandelbrot, 1982), which is an objective, quantitative measure of the complexity of their soma/dendritic borders. In the cat, the fractal dimensions of lamina V cells, which include pyramidal tract neurons (PTN), indicate that these cells are more complex than other(More)
Methods of digital image analysis have been adapted to measure the fractal dimension of cellular profiles. The fractal dimension is suggested as a useful measure of the complexity of a contour. Three methods produce similar results when applied to constructed, near-ideal fractal figures. Comparison of the measurements for a variety of image types indicates(More)
Details of the morphology of light microscope images of horseradish peroxidase labeled mammalian neurons in cell culture were investigated. A modified Marr-Hildreth edge-detecting algorithm was used in an image processor to obtain a continuous border of the labeled neurons. The interior of the border was filled to obtain isolated binary silhouettes of the(More)
The parasympathetic (PNS) and sympathetic (SNS) and nervous systems densely innervate the exocrine pancreas. Efferent PNS pathways, consisting of central dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) and peripheral pancreatic neurons, stimulate exocrine secretion. The DMV integrates cortical (olfactory, gustatory) and gastric, and intestinal vagal afferent input(More)
Sympathetic nerve stimulation indirectly regulates pancreatic endocrine and exocrine secretion, in part, through actions on the cholinergic parasympathetic innervation of the secretory tissues. Earlier work identified noradrenergic nerves in pancreatic ganglia and demonstrated the effects of exogenous norepinephrine (NE) on synaptic transmission but no(More)