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INTRODUCTION Robotically assisted laparoscopic surgery has a different learning curve to straight stick laparoscopic surgery. The learning curve for novices is likely to be different to that for experienced surgeons. We assessed the early learning curve for trainees with 18 months or less of surgical experience. METHODS Six surgical novices performed 120… (More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Overactive bladder affects 10-12% of men, of which 13% are refractory to medical therapy and seek second-line treatment. This places a substantial clinical and economic burden on the National Health Service United Kingdom. RECENT FINDINGS This review identifies current evidence for the use of onabotulinum toxin A and sacral nerve… (More)
OBJECTIVES This exploratory pilot study aimed to evaluate whether adding imaging biomarkers to conventional staging improves complete excision rates after undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) in the United Kingdom for patients who have not undergone population prostate specific antigen screening. We primarily considered estimates of lesion volume and… (More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the long-term efficacy of polydimethylsiloxane (Macroplastique) injection (MPI) in the treatment of Mitrofanoff leakage secondary to valve incompetence. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1995 and 2012, the records of 24 consecutive patients who underwent MPI for Mitrofanoff urinary leakage after continent cutaneous urinary diversion (CCUD)… (More)
This is a case report of prostate carcinoma metastasising to a renal oncocytoma. The report demonstrates the unusual presentation of metastases from a common cancer to a common benign tumour, and reviews the rare phenomenon of tumour-to-tumour metastases.