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BACKGROUND Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is suspected to be a causative agent in human Crohn's disease (CD). Recent evidence suggests that pathogenic mycobacteria and MAP can induce the expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMP), which are the main proteases in the pathogenesis of mucosal ulcerations in inflammatory bowel disease(More)
Despite the critical role that TNF-alpha plays in the containment of mycobacterial infection, the mechanisms involved in regulation of its expression by mycobacteria are poorly defined. We addressed this question by studying MAP, which causes a chronic enteritis in ruminants and is linked to human Crohn's disease. We found that in MAP infected macrophages,(More)
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is suspected to be a causative agent in Crohn's disease. Recent evidence suggests that MAP can induce the expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are the main proteases in the pathogenesis of mucosal ulcerations in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Within the present study, we analysed(More)
OBJECTIVE The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer- binding protein (C/EBP) beta is involved in inflammatory responses in immune cells, including myelomonocytic cells. In this study, signal transduction pathways regulating C/EBPbeta expression were investigated. METHODS The expression of C/EBPbeta mRNA in cells treated with various activators and(More)
Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative agent of Johne's disease, a highly prevalent chronic intestinal infection in domestic and wildlife ruminants. The microbial pathogenesis of MAP infection has attracted additional attention due to an association with the human enteric inflammatory Crohn's disease. MAP is acquired by the(More)
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) causes Johne's disease, a chronic granulomatous enteritis in ruminants. Furthermore, infections of humans with MAP have been reported and a possible association with Crohn's disease and diabetes type I is currently discussed. MAP owns large sequence polymorphisms (LSPs) that were exclusively found in(More)
Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative agent of Johne's disease (JD), a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of cattle characterized by intermittent to chronic diarrhea. In addition, MAP has been isolated from Crohn's disease (CD) patients. The impact of MAP on severity of clinical symptoms in JD as well as its role in CD are yet(More)
Mycobacterium avium subspecies (ssp.) paratuberculosis (MAP) is the etiological agent of paratuberculosis, a chronic, non-treatable granulomatous enteritis of ruminants. MAP is the only mycobacterium affecting the intestinal tract, which is of interest since it is presently the most favoured pathogen linked to Crohn's disease (CD) in humans due to its(More)
Viability of particle-treated murine macrophages after infection Murine macrophages were incubated for 24 hours with media containing either no particles or indicated amount of magnesium particles (Mg) or magnesium corrosion particles (MCP) before infection with Mycobacterium smegmatis. Particle incubation was then continued for further 20 hours before(More)
The transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer- binding protein (C/EBP) β is involved in inflammatory responses in immune cells, including myelomonocytic cells. In this study, signal transduction pathways regulating C/EBPβ expression were investigated. The expression of C/EBPβ mRNA in cells treated with various activators and inhibitors of PKA and PKC was analyzed(More)