Timur R Galimzyanov

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The mechanism responsible for domain registration in two membrane leaflets has thus far remained enigmatic. Using continuum elasticity theory, we show that minimum line tension is achieved along the rim between thicker (ordered) and thinner (disordered) domains by shifting the rims in opposing leaflets by a few nanometers relative to each other. Increasing(More)
Archaeal membranes have unique mechanical properties that enable these organisms to survive under extremely aggressive environmental conditions. The so-called bolalipids contribute to this exceptional stability. They have two polar heads joined by two hydrocarbon chains. The two headgroups can face different sides of the membrane (O-shape conformation) or(More)
7-Dehydrocholesterol, an immediate metabolic predecessor of cholesterol, can accumulate in tissues due to some metabolic abnormalities, causing an array of symptoms known as Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome. Enrichment of cellular membranes with 7-dehydrocholesterol interferes with normal cell-signaling processes, which involve interaction between rafts and(More)
Bending and Gaussian moduli of a homogenious single-component lipid bilayer are calculated analytically using microscopic model of the lipid hydrocarbon chains. The approach allows for thermodynamic averaging over different chains conformations. Each chain is modeled as a flexible string with finite bending rigidity and an incompressible cross-section area.(More)
Liquid-ordered lipid domains, also called rafts, are assumed to be important players in different cellular processes, mainly signal transduction and membrane trafficking. They are thicker than the disordered part of the membrane and are thought to form to compensate for the hydrophobic mismatch between transmembrane proteins and the lipid environment.(More)
We consider the process of fusion of lipid membranes from the stage of stalk with minimal radius to the stage of fusion pore. We assume that stalk directly developed into the fusion pore, omitting the stage of hemifusion diaphragm. Energy of intermediate stages is calculated on the basis of the classical elasticity theory of liquid crystals adapted for(More)
A number of processes in living cells are accompanied by significant changes of the geometric curvature of lipid membranes. In turn, heterogeneity of the lateral curvature can lead to spatial redistribution of membrane components, most important of which are transmembrane proteins and liquid-ordered lipid-protein domains. These components have a so-called(More)
Phase separation in biological membranes plays an important role in protein targeting and transmembrane signaling. Its occurrence in both membrane leaflets commonly gives rise to matching liquid or liquid-ordered domains in the opposing monolayers. The underlying mechanism of such co-localization is not fully understood. The decrease of the line tension(More)
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