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Mutations in the SFTPC gene associated with interstitial lung disease in human patients result in misfolding, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention, and degradation of the encoded surfactant protein C (SP-C) proprotein. In this study, genes specifically induced in response to transient expression of two disease-associated mutations were identified by(More)
SP-B is the only surfactant-associated protein absolutely required for postnatal lung function and survival. Complete deficiency of SP-B in mice and humans results in lethal, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and is characterized by a virtual absence of lung compliance, highly disorganized lamellar bodies, and greatly diminished levels of SP-C mature(More)
The alveolar region of the lung creates an extensive epithelial surface that mediates the transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide required for respiration after birth. Maintenance of pulmonary function depends on the function of type II epithelial cells that synthesize and secrete pulmonary surfactant lipids and proteins, reducing the collapsing forces(More)
Advances in physiology and biochemistry have provided fundamental insights into the role of pulmonary surfactant in the pathogenesis and treatment of preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Identification of the surfactant proteins, lipid transporters, and transcriptional networks regulating their expression has provided the tools and insights(More)
Surfactant protein B (SP-B) is an essential constituent of pulmonary surfactant. SP-B is synthesized in alveolar type II cells as a preproprotein and processed to the mature peptide by the cleavage of NH2- and COOH-terminal peptides. An aspartyl protease has been suggested to cleave the NH2-terminal propeptide resulting in a 25-kDa intermediate. Napsin, an(More)
Surfactant protein B (SP-B) is a hydrophobic, 79 amino acid peptide that regulates the structure and function of surfactant phospholipid membranes in the airspaces of the lung. Addition of SP-B to liposomes composed of DPPC/PG (7:3) leads to membrane binding, destabilization, and fusion, ultimately resulting in rearrangement of membrane structure. The goal(More)
BACKGROUND Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a progressively debilitating neuromuscular disorder markedly affecting family life. AIMS OF THE STUDY To obtain descriptive accounts from siblings about impact and coping with DMD and consider implications for psychological function. METHODS Semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of healthy(More)
Gas exchange after birth is entirely dependent on the remarkable architecture of the alveolus, its formation and function being mediated by the interactions of numerous cell types whose precise positions and activities are controlled by a diversity of signaling and transcriptional networks. In the later stages of gestation, alveolar epithelial cells lining(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of involving patients in the planning and development of health care. DATA SOURCES Published and grey literature. STUDY SELECTION Systematic search for worldwide reports written in English between January 1966 and October 2000. DATA EXTRACTION Qualitative review of papers describing the effects of involving patients in(More)
Surfactant protein B (SP-B) is an 8.7-kDa, hydrophobic protein that enhances the spreading and stability of surfactant phospholipids in the alveolus. To further assess the role of SP-B in lung function, the SP-B gene was disrupted by homologous recombination in murine mouse embryonic stem cells. Mice with a single mutated SP-B allele (+/-) were unaffected,(More)