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In mammals, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variants are observed to segregate rapidly between generations despite the high mtDNA copy number in the oocyte. This has led to the concept of a genetic bottleneck for the transmission of mtDNA, but the mechanism remains contentious. Several studies have suggested that the bottleneck occurs during embryonic(More)
Mitochondrial fusion and structure depend on the dynamin-like GTPase OPA1, whose activity is regulated by proteolytic processing. Constitutive OPA1 cleavage by YME1L and OMA1 at two distinct sites leads to the accumulation of both long and short forms of OPA1 and maintains mitochondrial fusion. Stress-induced OPA1 processing by OMA1 converts OPA1 completely(More)
Mutations in LRPPRC are responsible for the French Canadian variant of Leigh syndrome (LSFC), a neurodegenerative disorder caused by a tissue-specific deficiency in cytochrome c oxidase (COX). To investigate the pathogenic mechanism of disease, we studied LRPPRC function in LSFC and control fibroblasts. The level of mutated LRPPRC is reduced in LSFC cells,(More)
Mammalian mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is a small, maternally inherited genome that codes for 13 essential proteins in the respiratory chain. Mature oocytes contain more than 150 000 copies of mtDNA, at least an order of magnitude greater than the number in most somatic cells, but sperm contain only approximately 100 copies. Mitochondrial oxidative(More)
Vitamin B(12) (cobalamin) is an essential cofactor of two enzymes, methionine synthase and methylmalonyl-CoA mutase. The conversion of the vitamin to its coenzymes requires a series of biochemical modifications for which several genetic diseases are known, comprising eight complementation groups (cblA through cblH). The objective of this study was to clone(More)
The methylmalonic acidurias are metabolic disorders resulting from deficient methylmalonyl-CoA mutase activity, a vitamin B(12)-dependent enzyme. We have cloned the gene for the cblB complementation group caused by deficient activity of a cob(I)alamin adenosyltransferase. This was accomplished by searching bacterial genomes for genes in close proximity to(More)
LCoR (ligand-dependent corepressor) is a transcriptional corepressor widely expressed in fetal and adult tissues that is recruited to agonist-bound nuclear receptors through a single LXXLL motif. LCoR binding to estrogen receptor alpha depends in part on residues in the coactivator binding pocket distinct from those bound by TIF-2. Repression by LCoR is(More)
Mitochondrial morphology varies tremendously across cell types and tissues, changing rapidly in response to external insults and metabolic cues, such as nutrient status. The many functions of mitochondria have been intimately linked to their morphology, which is shaped by ongoing events of fusion and fission of outer and inner membranes (OM and IM).(More)
The inbred cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) line TMG-1 is resistant to three potyviruses:zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV), watermelon mosaic virus (WMV), and the watermelon strain of papaya ringspot virus (PRSV-W). The genetics of resistance to WMV and the relationship of WMV resistance to ZYMV resistance were examined. TMG-1 was crossed with WI-2757, a(More)
In mammals, mitochondria and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are transmitted through the female germ line. Mature oocytes contain at least 100,000 copies of mtDNA, organized at 1-2 copies per organelle. Despite the high genome copy number, mtDNA sequence variants are observed to segregate rapidly between generations, and this has led to the concept of a(More)