Timothy W. Morris

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High throughput screening (HTS) programs based on diverse collections of compounds can rapidly identify leads for potential drug candidates. In cases where the compound collection is truly diverse, one may only identify a few compounds of interest. However, where a large number of hits are identified, it becomes necessary to examine the structures to(More)
OBJECTIVES Besifloxacin is a novel fluoroquinolone that was recently approved for topical treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis. The compound was shown to be active in vitro against a broad spectrum of bacteria, including isolates resistant to other antibacterials. Here, the bactericidal activity of besifloxacin was evaluated against the most common(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this paper is to report on the bacterial species isolated from patients with bacterial conjunctivitis participating in three clinical trials of besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension, 0.6%, and their in vitro antibacterial susceptibility profiles. METHODS Microbial data from three clinical studies, conducted at multiple clinical(More)
PURPOSE Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains are commonly classified as hospital-acquired (HA) or community-acquired (CA). Typical HA-MRSA isolates are characterized by multidrug resistance and the SCCmec type II cassette, while CA-MRSA isolates are generally susceptible to more drug classes, are often of SCCmec type IV, and frequently(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae, an inhabitant of the upper respiratory mucosa, causes respiratory and invasive infections as well as conjunctivitis. Strains that lack the capsule, a main virulence factor and the target of current vaccines, are often isolated from conjunctivitis cases. Here we perform a comparative genomic analysis of 271 strains of(More)
Bacterial conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is demographically unbiased in its prevalence and can be caused by a variety of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Timely empiric treatment with a broad-spectrum anti-infective, such as a topical fluoroquinolone, is critical in preventing potentially irreversible ocular damage. However, the rise in ocular(More)
BACKGROUND Besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6 % (Besivance(®); Bausch & Lomb, Rochester, NY, USA) was approved by the FDA in 2009 for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis, with a recommended 7-day dosing regimen. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare the safety of besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6 %, administered three times a(More)
PURPOSE To assess clinical antimicrobial efficacy results obtained with besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension, 0.6%, administered three times a day (TID) for 5 days, integrated across three clinical trials of bacterial conjunctivitis and to investigate any microbiological eradication failures. METHODS Clinical microbiological eradication data from three(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous work has shown that besifloxacin, an 8-chloro-fluoroquinolone, has more potent activity against gram-positive pathogens than moxifloxacin and gatifloxacin, which carry an 8-methoxy group. This study was conducted to determine the contribution of the R7 and R8 substituent to fluoroquinolone antibacterial activity. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate the ocular bacterial flora in patients scheduled to undergo cataract surgery and compare the antibacterial effects of besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% and moxifloxacin ophthalmic solution 0.5% in these patients. METHODS This was a prospective, randomized, laboratory-masked clinical trial.(More)