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The descending control of respiratory-related motoneurones in the thoracic spinal cord remains the subject of some debate. In this study, direct connections from expiratory bulbospinal neurones to identified motoneurones were investigated using spike-triggered averaging and the strengths of connection revealed were related to the presence and size of(More)
1. Plasticity in functional connections of expiratory bulbospinal neurones was investigated by measurement of terminal potentials (TPs) and focal synaptic potentials (FSPs), recorded with spike-triggered averaging in the thoracic spinal cord of anaesthetized, paralysed cats. These measurements were made in normal cats and in those which had previously been(More)
1. In decerebrated rabbits, repetitive stimulation of the high-threshold afferents of the left common peroneal (CP) nerve evokes prolonged depression of the sural-gastrocnemius medialis (GM) reflex recorded in the same limb. This inhibition is antagonized by co-administration of the opioid antagonist naloxone with the alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist(More)
Central respiratory drive potentials (CRDPs) were observed in intracellular recordings from hindlimb motoneurones of anaesthetized, paralysed, ovariohysterectomized female cats, artificially ventilated so as to have a strong respiratory drive under hyperoxic hypercapnea. The animals comprised two groups: three animals treated for 7 days with oestradiol(More)
Cross-correlation of neural discharges was used to investigate the connections between expiratory bulbospinal neurons (EBSNs) in the caudal medulla and expiratory motoneurons innervating thoracic and abdominal muscles in anesthetized cats. Peaks were seen in the cross-correlation histograms for around half of the EBSN-nerve pairs for the following: at T8,(More)
Anatomical studies have shown a monosynaptic projection from nucleus retroambiguus (NRA) to semimembranosus (Sm) motor nucleus in female cats, which is stronger in oestrus. Expiratory bulbospinal neurones are the best documented functional cell type in the NRA. If these cells participate in this projection, an expiratory drive would be expected in Sm(More)
This study extends the literature on sex differences in depression to an employment setting, using Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI; T and raw scores) and Depression (D) 30 measures. In contrast to previous findings, no gender differences remained on any of the measures after the effects of salary, age, education, and job classification had(More)
Extracellular recordings were made from ninety-four single motoneurones in the dorsal motor vagal nucleus of chloralose-anaesthetized or decerebrate cats. Fifty-five neurones had axons in cardiac vagal branches and thirty-nine had axons in pulmonary vagal branches; the conduction velocities of the axons were in the C fibre range, i.e. the axons were(More)
The cardioinhibitory effects of cardiac vagal motoneurons (CVMs) are mediated by activation of postganglionic neurons in the epicardial ganglia which have been shown to exert functionally selective effects on heart rate and atrioventricular conduction in the rat. Here we investigate whether CVMs producing these responses may occupy different rostrocaudal(More)