Timothy W. Ford

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1. In decerebrated rabbits, repetitive stimulation of the high-threshold afferents of the left common peroneal (CP) nerve evokes prolonged depression of the sural-gastrocnemius medialis (GM) reflex recorded in the same limb. This inhibition is antagonized by co-administration of the opioid antagonist naloxone with the alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist(More)
The mouse fetal liver cell bioassay has been used to study serum levels of erythropoiesis stimulating activity (ESA) in patients with a variety of haematological disturbances. The results indicate that this assay system provides a quantitative measurement of ESA, the concentration of which varies predictably in a manner which is consistent with it having a(More)
Spinal reflexes in the rabbit are suppressed tonically by endogenous opioids. The contributions made to this suppression by mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors have been investigated by studying the actions of a range of opioid antagonists and agonists on reflexes evoked by sural nerve stimulation in the ankle extensor gastrocnemius medialis (g.m.), and(More)
1. Recordings were made from gastrocnemius medialis (GM), semitendinosus (ST) and tibialis anterior/extensor digitorum longus (TA/EDL) motor nerves during mechanical and electrical stimulation of the skin of the foot in decerebrated and spinalized rabbits. 2. GM motoneurones were excited from the heel and not from the toes, whereas TA/EDL responded to(More)
Vagal cardioinhibition is exerted through a reduction not only in the heart rate but also in the rate of propagation of the cardiac action potential and in myocardial contractility. In several species, such effects can be produced independently by selective activation of ganglia in identified 'fat pads'. In this study we investigate differential control of(More)
This study extends the literature on sex differences in depression to an employment setting, using Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI; T and raw scores) and Depression (D) 30 measures. In contrast to previous findings, no gender differences remained on any of the measures after the effects of salary, age, education, and job classification had(More)
1. In the decerebrated and spinalized rabbit, electrical stimulation of the sural nerve evokes a short-latency reflex in the ipsilateral ankle extensor gastrocnemius medialis (GM) which is tonically suppressed by endogenous opioids. In the present study we have investigated the inhibitory influences affecting this reflex in non-spinalized, decerebrated(More)
The bradycardia evoked by electrical stimulation of the peripheral cut end of the rabbit vagus nerve is mediated by both myelinated and non-myelinated fibres. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of non-myelinated fibres on heart rate in the rabbit using selective electrical stimulation techniques. In 8 rabbits selective activation of(More)
The erythropoietin responsive cells (ERC) in suspension cultures (ERCSC) of fetal mouse liver and the cells producing erythroid colonies in 2-day plasma clot cultures (CFU-E) sediment at similar rates. However, the sedimented fractions containing the majority of nucleated cells show minimal sensivitity to erythropoietin (Ep) and these cells sediment at a(More)
Selective electrical stimulation of the non-myelinated C fibres of the sural nerve in the decerebrated, spinalized rabbit evoked long-latency (76-160 ms), long-lasting (greater than 100 ms) reflex responses in the ipsilateral ankle extensor gastrocnemius medialis (GM). Activation of the same fibres elicited little or no response from the ipsilateral knee(More)