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The mouse fetal liver cell bioassay has been used to study serum levels of erythropoiesis stimulating activity (ESA) in patients with a variety of haematological disturbances. The results indicate that this assay system provides a quantitative measurement of ESA, the concentration of which varies predictably in a manner which is consistent with it having a(More)
1. In decerebrated rabbits, repetitive stimulation of the high-threshold afferents of the left common peroneal (CP) nerve evokes prolonged depression of the sural-gastrocnemius medialis (GM) reflex recorded in the same limb. This inhibition is antagonized by co-administration of the opioid antagonist naloxone with the alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist(More)
This study extends the literature on sex differences in depression to an employment setting, using Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI; T and raw scores) and Depression (D) 30 measures. In contrast to previous findings, no gender differences remained on any of the measures after the effects of salary, age, education, and job classification had(More)
The erythropoietin responsive cells (ERC) in suspension cultures (ERCSC) of fetal mouse liver and the cells producing erythroid colonies in 2-day plasma clot cultures (CFU-E) sediment at similar rates. However, the sedimented fractions containing the majority of nucleated cells show minimal sensivitity to erythropoietin (Ep) and these cells sediment at a(More)
Vagal cardioinhibition is exerted through a reduction not only in the heart rate but also in the rate of propagation of the cardiac action potential and in myocardial contractility. In several species, such effects can be produced independently by selective activation of ganglia in identified 'fat pads'. In this study we investigate differential control of(More)
Extracellular recordings were made from ninety-four single motoneurones in the dorsal motor vagal nucleus of chloralose-anaesthetized or decerebrate cats. Fifty-five neurones had axons in cardiac vagal branches and thirty-nine had axons in pulmonary vagal branches; the conduction velocities of the axons were in the C fibre range, i.e. the axons were(More)
The cardioinhibitory effects of cardiac vagal motoneurons (CVMs) are mediated by activation of postganglionic neurons in the epicardial ganglia which have been shown to exert functionally selective effects on heart rate and atrioventricular conduction in the rat. Here we investigate whether CVMs producing these responses may occupy different rostrocaudal(More)
1. It has been widely accepted that the rat aortic depressor nerve contains only baroreceptors. However, the experiments which have provided these negative data have employed whole aortic nerve recording. In the present study, the technical difficulties associated with recording single fibres in vivo, from the rat aortic nerve (diameter 25-50 microm), have(More)
The bradycardia evoked by electrical stimulation of the peripheral end of the rabbit vagus nerve is mediated by both myelinated and non-myelinated fibres. Stimulation of myelinated fibres at 5 Hz for 20 s resulted in a fall in heart rate from a control value of 204 +/- 1.3 to 182 +/- 1.2 beats min-1 (means + S.E. of means). On stimulation of both myelinated(More)
Spinal reflexes in the rabbit are suppressed tonically by endogenous opioids. The contributions made to this suppression by mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors have been investigated by studying the actions of a range of opioid antagonists and agonists on reflexes evoked by sural nerve stimulation in the ankle extensor gastrocnemius medialis (g.m.), and(More)