Timothy W Corson

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We demonstrate that paired expression profiles of microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNAs can be used to identify functional miRNA-target relationships with high precision. We used a Bayesian data analysis algorithm, GenMiR++, to identify a network of 1,597 high-confidence target predictions for 104 human miRNAs, which was supported by RNA expression data across 88(More)
The childhood eye cancer retinoblastoma is initiated by the loss of both alleles of the prototypic tumor suppressor gene, RB1. However, a large number of cytogenetic and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) studies have shown that these M1 and M2 mutational events--although necessary for initiation--are not the only genomic changes in retinoblastoma.(More)
BACKGROUND Retinoblastoma is the childhood retinal cancer that defined tumour-suppressor genes. Previous work shows that mutation of both alleles of the RB1 retinoblastoma suppressor gene initiates disease. We aimed to characterise non-familial retinoblastoma tumours with no detectable RB1 mutations. METHODS Of 1068 unilateral non-familial retinoblastoma(More)
Traditional medicines provide fertile ground for modern drug development, but first they must pass along a pathway of discovery, isolation, and mechanistic studies before eventual deployment in the clinic. Here, we highlight the challenges along this route, focusing on the compounds artemisinin, triptolide, celastrol, capsaicin, and curcumin.
Retinoblastoma clinical observations revealed the role of tumor suppressor genes in human cancer, Knudson's 'two-hit' model of cancer induction. We now demonstrate that loss of both RB1 tumor suppressor gene alleles initiates quiescent RB1(-/-) retinomas with low level genomic instability and high expression of the senescence-associated proteins p16(INK4a)(More)
Gain of chromosome 1q31-1q32 is seen in >50% of retinoblastoma and is common in other tumors. To define the minimal 1q region of gain, we determined genomic copy number by quantitative multiplex PCR of 14 sequence tagged sites (STSs) spanning 1q25.3-1q41. The most frequently gained STS at 1q32.1 (71%; 39 of 55 retinoblastoma) defined a 3.06 Mbp minimal(More)
Retinoblastoma is a paediatric ocular tumour that continues to reveal much about the genetic basis of cancer development. Study of genomic aberrations in retinoblastoma tumours has exposed important mechanisms of cancer development and identified oncogenes and tumour suppressors that offer potential points of therapeutic intervention. The recent development(More)
Retinoblastoma is initiated by loss of both RB1 alleles. Previous studies have shown that retinoblastoma tumors also show further genomic gains and losses. We now define a 2.62 Mbp minimal region of genomic loss of chromosome 16q22, which is likely to contain tumor suppressor gene(s), in 76 retinoblastoma tumors, using loss of heterozygosity (30 of 76(More)
PURPOSE Human retinoblastoma arises from an undefined developing retinal cell after inactivation of RB1. This is emulated in a murine retinoblastoma model by inactivation of pRB by retinal-specific expression of simian virus 40 large T-antigen (TAg-RB). Some mutational events after RB1 loss in humans are recapitulated at the expression level in TAg-RB,(More)
The ability to regulate any protein of interest in living systems with small molecules remains a challenge. We hypothesized that appending a hydrophobic moiety to the surface of a protein would mimic the partially denatured state of the protein, thus engaging the cellular quality control machinery to induce its proteasomal degradation. We designed and(More)