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This study compared 3 models of association between personality, personal model beliefs, and self-care in a cross-sectional design. These models were as follows: (a) Emotional stability determines self-care indirectly through personal model beliefs, and conscientiousness is a direct predictor of self-care; (b) emotional stability determines self-care(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of mindfulness training on pain tolerance, psychological well-being, physiological activity, and the acquisition of mindfulness skills. METHODS Forty-two asymptomatic University students participated in a randomized, single-blind, active control pilot study. Participants in the experimental condition were offered six(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine whether peer support and illness representation mediate the link between family support, self-management and well-being. METHOD Fifty-two adolescents (12-18 years old) with Type I diabetes were recruited and followed over 6 months, completing assessments of self-management, well-being, and social support. RESULTS Perceived impact(More)
OBJECTIVES To test whether coping acts to mediate the relationships between illness representations and emotional well-being in adolescents with diabetes. METHODS Seventy adolescents between 11 and 18 years of age were asked to complete the Diabetes Illness Representations Questionnaire (DIRQ), the Well-being Questionnaire, and the Kidcope. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVE Personal models of diabetes have been shown to be proximal determinants of self-care behavior in adults with diabetes, both cross-sectionally and prospectively. This study set out to test the predictive utility of this approach in adolescents with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Participants were recruited from four regional hospitals in(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure whether the benefits of a single education and self management structured programme for people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus are sustained at three years. DESIGN Three year follow-up of a multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial in primary care, with randomisation at practice level. SETTING 207 general(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the long term clinical and cost effectiveness of the diabetes education and self management for ongoing and newly diagnosed (DESMOND) intervention compared with usual care in people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. DESIGN We undertook a cost-utility analysis that used data from a 12 month, multicentre, cluster randomised(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to explore the relationships between illness perceptions, emotional representations, treatment beliefs and reported adherence in adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS Thirty-eight adolescents completed questionnaires assessing their perceptions of CF, beliefs about prescribed treatments and reported adherence(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of behavioral interventions for adolescents with type 1 diabetes based on a systematic review of the literature. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The literature was identified by searching 11 electronic databases, hand-searching 3 journals from their start dates, and contacting individual researchers. Only articles that(More)
OBJECTIVE To implement and evaluate a regional prepregnancy care program in women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Prepregnancy care was promoted among patients and health professionals and delivered across 10 regional maternity units. A prospective cohort study of 680 pregnancies in women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes was(More)