Timothy S. Zheng

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Excitatory amino acids induce both acute membrane depolarization and latent cellular toxicity, which often leads to apoptosis in many neurological disorders. Recent studies indicate that glutamate toxicity may involve the c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) group of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases. One member of the JNK family, Jnk3, may be required(More)
Programmed cell death (apoptosis) is a prominent feature of the development of the immune and nervous systems. The identification of the Caenorhabditis elegans cell death gene, ced-3, as a prototype of the interleukin-1beta converting enzyme (ICE) protease family has led to extensive evidence implicating these enzymes in apoptosis. Among the ten or more(More)
First described as a weak apoptosis inducer, the TNF superfamily ligand TWEAK has since emerged as a cytokine that regulates multiple cellular responses, including proinflammatory activity, angiogenesis and cell proliferation, suggesting roles in inflammation and cancer. More recently TWEAK's ability to regulate progenitor cell fate was elucidated.(More)
Progenitor ("oval") cell expansion accompanies many forms of liver injury, including alcohol toxicity and submassive parenchymal necrosis as well as experimental injury models featuring blocked hepatocyte replication. Oval cells can potentially become either hepatocytes or biliary epithelial cells and may be critical to liver regeneration, particularly when(More)
T helper type 17 (Th17) cells play an important pathogenic function in autoimmune diseases; their regulation, however, is not well understood. We show that the expression of a tumor necrosis factor receptor family member, death receptor 3 (DR3; also known as TNFRSF25), is selectively elevated in Th17 cells, and that TL1A, its cognate ligand, can promote the(More)
Previous studies have proposed the involvement of caspase-3, a downstream executioner enzyme common to many paradigms of programmed cell death (PCD), in mediating the apoptosis of both germ and somatic cells in the ovary. Herein we used caspase-3 gene knockout mice to directly test for the functional requirement of this protease in oocyte and/or granulosa(More)
TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis, or TWEAK, is a relatively new member of the TNF-ligand superfamily. Ligation of the TWEAK receptor Fn14 by TWEAK has proinflammatory effects on fibroblasts, synoviocytes, and endothelial cells. Several of the TWEAK-inducible cytokines are important in the pathogenesis of kidney diseases; however, whether TWEAK can induce(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily, is a multifunctional cytokine known to regulate cellular functions in contexts of injury and disease through its receptor, fibroblast growth factor-inducible molecule 14 (Fn14). Although many of the processes and downstream signals(More)
We have recently shown that TNF-related weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is a mediator of inflammatory bone remodeling. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of TWEAK in modulating human osteoblast activity, and how TWEAK and TNFalpha might interact in this context. Recombinant TWEAK and TNF were both mitogenic for human primary osteoblasts(More)
Programmed cell death (apoptosis) is critical for normal brain morphogenesis and may be triggered by neurotrophic factor deprivation or irreparable DNA damage. Members of the Bcl2 and caspase families regulate neuronal responsiveness to trophic factor withdrawal; however, their involvement in DNA damage-induced neuronal apoptosis is less clear. To define(More)