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Interactions between advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the receptor for AGE (RAGE) are implicated in the vascular complications in diabetes. We have identified eight novel polymorphisms, of which the -1420 (GGT)n, -1393 G/T, -1390 G/T, and -1202 G/A were in the overlapping PBX2 3' untranslated region (UTR), and the -429 T/C (66.5% TT, 33.5% TC/CC),(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether complement C3 is an indicator of coronary artery disease (CAD). We measured plasma C3 and CRP levels in 278 patients undergoing coronary angiography for typical symptoms of CAD and 269 healthy age and sex matched controls. C3 levels were significantly higher in patients compared with controls (1.15 g/l and 0.92(More)
We recently demonstrated that reducing IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) numbers in the endothelium enhances nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and endothelial cell insulin sensitivity. In the present report, we aimed to examine the effect of increasing IGF-1R on endothelial cell function and repair. To examine the effect of increasing IGF-1R in the endothelium, we(More)
BACKGROUND Factor (F)XIII B-subunit, which plays a carrier role for zymogen FXIIIA, is highly polymorphic, but the molecular basis for these polymorphisms and their relationship to disease remains unknown. OBJECTIVES To screen the FXIIIB gene coding region for common variation and analyze possible functional effects. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the(More)
UNLABELLED Activation of the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) leads to a cascade of pro-inflammatory and pro-coagulant responses which are important in the pathogenesis of the vascular complications of diabetes mellitus. It is known that pro-inflammatory mechanisms underpin the development of type 2 diabetes. Our hypothesis is that RAGE(More)
Activated blood coagulation factor XIII has an important role in the final stage of the clotting cascade by the covalent crosslinking of alpha- and gamma-fibrin chains. We have recently shown that a functional polymorphism in exon 2. codon 34 of the FXIII A-subunit gene is protective against myocardial infarction. To investigate the prevalence of three(More)
In yeast and higher plants, separate genes encode the cytosolic and mitochondrial forms of glyoxalase II. In contrast, although glyoxalase II activity has been detected both in the cytosol and mitochondria of mammals, only a single gene encoding glyoxalase II has been identified. Previously it was thought that this gene (the hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase(More)
Increased Factor XIIa concentrations have been found in association with coronary artery disease. Recently, a common 46 C to T point mutation in exon I of the factor XII gene has been described which is associated with lower FXII clotting activity and lower zymogen levels in relation to possession of the T allele. It is not known whether this polymorphism(More)
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) inhibits tissue factor-induced coagulation. The major part of TFPI is releasable by heparin. We recently found eight patients with thrombosis and low levels of heparin-releasable TFPI in whom we investigated the TFPI gene for mutations. A transition of G to A coding for Valine264Methionine in the heparin-binding domain(More)