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Autism is a complex and life-long behavioural disorder of unknown aetiology. Recent reports have indicated the involvement of digestive tract dysfunction and possible complications from inadequate nutrition. In this study, 34 autistic children (12 untreated and 22 receiving therapeutic treatments related to digestive function and nutritional uptake) and 29(More)
We propose that, in addition to its function of gas exchange, the erythron provides a mechanism for the inactivation of reactive oxygen and oxide radicals in vivo. In carrying out this function, individual erythrocytes undergo changes in biochemical and structural properties, which are reflected by shape and functional alterations. The changes indicate(More)
Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) have a broad and variable spectrum of signs and symptoms with variable onsets. This report outlines the results of a single-blind, cross-sectional research project that extensively investigated a large cohort of 100 CFS patients and 82 non fatigued control subjects with the aim of performing a case-control(More)
Full blood counts, ESR, CRP, haematinics and markers for oxidative stress were measured for 33 patients diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and 27 age and sex matched controls. All participants also completed symptom questionnaires. CFS patients had increases in malondialdehyde (P <0.006), methaemoglobin (P <0.02), mean erythrocyte volume (P(More)
This study compares two PCR assays for the detection of Anaplasma platys in dog blood using primers based on the A. platys 16S rRNA gene. The first approach utilized a "standard" PCR protocol composed of a "single-step" direct amplification using an Ehrlichia genus-specific primer set. The second assay being a "nested" PCR screen that first involved a(More)
Faecal samples from humans, herbivores, carnivores and birds as well as samples from septic tanks and effluents from a sewage treatment plant (STP) were extracted and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for faecal sterols including coprostanol, epicoprostanol, cholestanol, cholesterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, 24-ethylcoprostanol and(More)
Forty-six patients presenting with chronic orofacial muscle pain and eight age- and sex-matched control subjects were investigated for the carriage prevalence of, and exotoxin production by, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). The eight control subjects were selected from an initial group of 41 subjects on the basis of the absence of musculoskeletal(More)
AIMS To investigate whether the duration of chronic pain in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients is associated with a net depletion of amino acids, and a distinct process from pain intensity. METHODS Twenty-nine patients defined by the research diagnostic criteria/TMD as having Type 1a muscle pain (TMD1A group), and 34 age- and sex-matched control(More)
The initial data from this study indicate that there are clearly identifiable chronic muscle pain conditions in the form of localized pain; myofascial pain or regional pain conditions; and fibromyalgia or generalized pain conditions. A clear difference exists between the prevalence of these conditions in male and female patients, with a higher percentage of(More)
Recurrent pregnancy loss has been associated with autoimmune responses to membrane phospholipids and alloimmune reactions against paternally derived molecules on the trophoblast. The problem is psychologically and economically stressful as it undermines the capacity of some couples to reproduce and participate effectively in the day-to-day economic(More)