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A comprehensive analysis of both the molecular genetic and phenotypic responses of any organism to the space flight environment has never been accomplished because of significant technological and logistical hurdles. Moreover, the effects of space flight on microbial pathogenicity and associated infectious disease risks have not been studied. The bacterial(More)
The spaceflight environment is relevant to conditions encountered by pathogens during the course of infection and induces novel changes in microbial pathogenesis not observed using conventional methods. It is unclear how microbial cells sense spaceflight-associated changes to their growth environment and orchestrate corresponding changes in molecular and(More)
An arsenate (As(V)) reductase has been partially purified from human liver. Its apparent molecular mass is approximately 72 kDa. The enzyme required a thiol and a heat stable cofactor for activity. The cofactor is less than 3 kDa in size. The thiol requirement can be satisfied by dithiothreitol (DTT). However, the extent of stimulation of reductase activity(More)
An arsenate reductase has been partially purified from human liver using ion exchange, molecular exclusion, hydroxyapatite chromatography, preparative isoelectric focusing, and electrophoresis. When SDS-beta-mercaptoethanol-PAGE was performed on the most purified fraction, two bands were obtained. One of these bands was a 34 kDa protein. Each band was(More)
Diatoms are unicellular eucaryotic algae with cell walls containing silica, intricately and ornately structured on the nanometer scale. Overall silica structure is formed by expansion and molding of the membrane-bound silica deposition vesicle. Although molecular details of silica polymerization are being clarified, we have limited insight into molecular(More)
Inorganic arsenic is an important environmental toxicant of both natural and anthropogenic sources. It is a human carcinogen for which appropriate animal models of most arsenic-induced cancers are missing. Although methylation of inorganic arsenic has been considered its primary mechanism for detoxification, the results of recent investigations disagree. We(More)
BACKGROUND Proteomic approaches identifying biomarkers have been applied to asthma to only a very limited extent. METHODS With an antibody array (RayBiotech, Norcross, GA, USA), the relative intensity and rank differences of 444 proteins were compared in 24 plasma samples obtained at age 3, 11 from children with and 12 without asthma diagnoses at ages 5(More)
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