Timothy R Myers

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Since the discovery of helium in 1868, it has found numerous applications in industry and medicine. Its low density makes helium potentially valuable in respiratory care applications, to reduce work of breathing, improve distribution of ventilation, reduce minute volume requirement, and improve aerosol delivery. This review includes a brief history of the(More)
The first clinical practice guidelines for the assessment and management of asthma were published over 20 years ago in New Zealand and Australia. During the same period, British and Scottish groups were collaborating on a United Kingdom version of asthma guidelines. Shortly after the introduction of the New Zealand and Canadian guidelines, the National(More)
Airway clearance techniques, historically referred to as chest physical therapy, have traditionally consisted of a variety of breathing maneuvers or exercises and manual percussion and postural drainage. The methods and types of airway clearance techniques and devices have rapidly increased in an effort to find a more efficacious strategy that allows for(More)
Current guidelines recommend inhalation therapy as the preferred route of drug administration for treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Previous systematic reviews in COPD patients found similar clinical outcomes for drugs delivered by handheld inhalers - pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs), dry powder inhalers (DPIs) - and(More)
Bioimpedance analysis was used to measure the residual limb fluid volume of seven transtibial amputee subjects using elevated vacuum sockets and nonelevated vacuum sockets. Fluid volume changes were assessed during sessions with the subjects sitting, standing, and walking. In general, fluid volume losses during 3 or 5 min walks and losses over the course of(More)
Clinical responses to the HER1 (EGF receptor) inhibitors and HER2/neu/ErbB2 inhibitors correlate with high levels of receptor expression. However, a significant subset of patients with high receptor levels appear to be refractory to treatment. We have observed similar results in the 60 cell lines of the NCI Anti-Cancer Drug Screen using a panel of 11(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether levalbuterol resulted in fewer hospital admissions than racemic albuterol when used for treatment of acute asthma. Study design A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was conducted in the emergency department (ED) and inpatient asthma care unit of an urban tertiary children's hospital. Children age 1 to 18 years (n=482)(More)
NPODD 2.0 DESCRIPTION: The administration of supplemental oxygen to neonatal and pediatric patients requires the selection of an oxygen delivery system that suits the patient’s size, needs, and the therapeutic goals. Oxygen delivery systems are categorized as either lowflow (variable performance) or high-flow (fixed performance) systems.1 Low-flow provide(More)
Ventilator circuits should not be changed routinely for infection control purposes. The maximum duration of time that circuits can be used safely is unknown. Evidence is lacking related to ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and issues of heated versus unheated circuits, type of heated humidifier, method for filling the humidifier, and technique for(More)
For over 70 years, helium-oxygen mixture (heliox) has been promoted as adjunctive therapy to overcome airflow-obstructive disorders and lesions. In the past 2 decades heliox has gained widespread support in many pediatric emergency departments and intensive care units, in treatment of infants and children with both upper and lower airway obstruction.(More)