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Fluorine 18 Sodium Fluoride ((18)F-NaF) (sodium fluoride) PET/CT is a highly sensitive but is a non-specific method for identifying bone metastases. Qualitative scan interpretation using low dose CT for lesion localization is often complicated by the presence of co-existing degenerative joint disease (DJD). A semi-quantitative analysis might help in(More)
18F-NaF, a PET radiotracer of bone turnover, has shown potential as an imaging biomarker for assessing the response of bone metastases to therapy. This study aimed to evaluate the repeatability of 18F-NaF PET-derived SUV imaging metrics in individual bone lesions from patients in a multicenter study. METHODS Thirty-five castration-resistant prostate(More)
Accurate registration over multiple scans is necessary to assess treatment response of bone diseases (e.g. metastatic bone lesions). This study aimed to develop and evaluate an articulated registration algorithm for the whole-body skeleton registration in human patients. In articulated registration, whole-body skeletons are registered by auto-segmenting(More)
PURPOSE Clinical use of 18 F-Sodium Fluoride (NaF) PET/CT in metastatic settings often lacks technology to quantitatively measure full disease dynamics due to high tumor burden. This study assesses radiomics-based extraction of NaF PET/CT measures, including global metrics of overall burden and local metrics of disease heterogeneity, in metastatic prostate(More)
PURPOSE In patients with multiple lesions, resistance to cancer treatments and subsequent disease recurrence may be due to heterogeneity of response across lesions. This study aims to identify subpopulations of similarly-responding metastatic prostate cancer lesions in bone using quantitative PET metrics. METHODS Seven metastatic prostate cancer patients(More)
PURPOSE Quantifying the repeatability of imaging biomarkers is critical for assessing therapeutic response. While 18 F-NaF PET/CT has shown to be a repeatable imaging method, research has not shown which factors may influence its repeatability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the location of the lesion impacts the repeatability of(More)
PURPOSE Bone flare has been observed on Tc-99m bone scans during early assessment in metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) patients receiving select androgen-signaling pathway (AR) targeted treatments, including CYP17-inhibitor Abiraterone. This study investigates the appearance and potential clinical impact of bone flare in mCRPC patients(More)
PURPOSE A method to guide mid-treatment biopsies using quantitative [F-18]NaF PET/CT response is being investigated in a clinical trial. This study aims to develop methodology to identify patients amenable to mid-treatment biopsy based on pre-treatment imaging characteristics. METHODS 35 metastatic prostate cancer patients had NaF PET/CT scans taken prior(More)
PURPOSE [F-18]NaF PET can be used to image bone metastases; however, tracer uptake in degenerative joint disease (DJD) often appears similar to metastases. This study aims to develop and compare different machine learning algorithms to automatically identify regions of [F-18]NaF scans that correspond to DJD. METHODS 10 metastatic prostate cancer patients(More)
Purpose [18F]Sodium fluoride (NaF) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) is a promising radiotracer for quantitative assessment of bone metastases. This study assesses changes in early NaF PET/CT response measures in metastatic prostate cancer for correlation to clinical outcomes. Patients and Methods Fifty-six patients with metastatic(More)
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