Timothy P Shiau

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New topical anti-infectives comprised of N,N-dichloro-beta,beta-disubstituted taurines [Tetrahedron Lett.2008, 49, 2193; Biorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2009, 19, 196] have been examined for structure-stability relationships (SSR) based upon various alkyl, heteroalkyl and cycloalkyl beta-substitutions. These substitutions affect order-of-magnitude changes in the(More)
2-Dichloroamino-2-methyl-propane-1-sulfonic acid sodium salt (2a), a stable derivative of endogenous N,N-dichlorotaurine (1), has been identified and is under development as a topical antimicrobial agent. Structure-activity relationships of analogs were explored to achieve optimal antimicrobial activity with minimal mammalian toxicity while maintaining the(More)
Bacterial pathogens have specific virulence factors (e.g., toxins) that contribute significantly to the virulence and infectivity of microorganisms within the human hosts. Virulence factors are molecules expressed by pathogens that enable colonization, immunoevasion, and immunosuppression, obtaining nutrients from the host or gaining entry into host cells.(More)
A series of backbone modified and sulfonic acid replacement analogs of our topical, clinical candidate (iii) were synthesized. Their antimicrobial activities and aqueous stabilities at pH 4 and pH 7 were determined, and has led us to identify quaternary ammonium N,N-dichloroamines as a new class of topical antimicrobial agents.
Structure stability/activity relationships (SXR) of a new class of N,N-dichloroamine compounds were explored to improve antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans while maintaining aqueous solution stability. This study identified a new class of solution-stable and topical antimicrobial agents. These agents(More)
Antimicrobial resistance against many known therapeutics is on the rise. We examined derivatives of 3-chlorooxazolidin-2-one 1a (X=H) as antibacterial and antifungal agents. The key findings were that the activity and apparent in vitro cytotoxicity could be controlled by the substitution of charged solubilizers at the 4- and 5- positions. These changes both(More)
The discovery and development of antimicrobial agents that do not give rise to resistance remains an ongoing challenge. Our efforts in this regard continue to reveal new potential therapeutic agents with differing physicochemical properties while retaining the effective N,N-dichloroamine pharmacophore as the key antimicrobial warhead. In this Letter, we(More)
INTRODUCTION Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare and rapidly progressing bacterial infection of soft tissues. Bacterial toxins cause local tissue damage and necrosis, as well as blunt immune system responses. A self-propagating cycle of bacterial invasion, toxin release and tissue destruction can continue until substantial amounts of tissue become(More)
Antimicrobial compounds with broad-spectrum activity and minimal potential for antibiotic resistance are urgently needed. Toward this end, we prepared and investigated a novel series of N-chloroheterocycles. Of the compounds examined, the N-chloroamine series were found superior over N-chloroamide series in regards to exhibiting high antimicrobial activity,(More)
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