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We have developed an efficient expression cloning system that allows rapid isolation of complementary DNAs able to induce the transformed phenotype. We searched for molecules expressed in epithelial cells and possessing transforming potential to fibroblasts, and cloned a cDNA for the normal receptor of a growth factor secreted by NIH/3T3 cells. Here we(More)
Analysis of genomic organization and expression of platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFR) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in human malignant gliomas showed amplification and overexpression of both receptors in distinct subsets of tumors. Amplification of the alpha PDGFR was detected in 4 of 50 glioblastomas (8%). EGFR was amplified in(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are present in patients many years after mastectomy without evidence of disease and that these CTCs are shed from persisting tumor in patients with breast cancer dormancy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We searched for CTCs in 36 dormancy candidate patients and 26(More)
PURPOSE To establish primary and immortalized cell cultures of human lens epithelial cells for a model system investigating human lens epithelial physiology and cataract. METHODS Human lens epithelial cells in culture were grown by isolating epithelium fragments from infant human lenses from patients who underwent treatment for retinopathy of prematurity(More)
Initiation of reepithelialization upon wounding is still poorly understood. To enhance this understanding, we focus here on changes in the adhesive state of desmosomes of cultured Madin-Darby canine kidney cells in response to wounding of confluent cell sheets. Previous results show that desmosomal adhesion in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells changes from a(More)
INTRODUCTION EpCAM is a cell-surface glycoprotein that is overexpressed in the majority of epithelial carcinomas. However, the functional role of EpCAM in regulating cancer invasion remains controversial, and the mechanism(s) underlying EpCAM-mediated regulation of breast cancer invasion remain to be defined. METHODS EpCAM expression was manipulated in(More)
An expression cloning strategy was devised to isolate the keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) receptor complementary DNA. NIH/3T3 fibroblasts, which secrete this epithelial cell-specific mitogen, were transfected with a keratinocyte expression complementary DNA library. Among several transformed foci identified, one demonstrated the acquisition of specific(More)
PURPOSE Peptide growth factors including hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and epidermal growth factor (EGF) are mitogens for many cell types and may act as regulators of lens epithelial cell growth and differentiation. The present study was undertaken to investigate the expression of growth factor receptors and(More)
PURPOSE Micrometastatic cells detected in the bone marrow have prognostic significance in breast cancer. These cells are heterogeneous and likely do not exhibit uniform biological behavior. To understand the molecular diversity of disseminated cancer cells that reside in bone marrow, we enriched this cell population and did global gene expression profiling(More)
The mammaglobin gene encodes a novel, breast cancer-associated glycoprotein. In this study, we have evaluated the frequency with which mammaglobin expression can be detected in primary and metastatic breast tumors and in breast tumor cells present in the peripheral circulation. Of 100 primary human breast tumors examined, 81 were strongly immunopositive for(More)