Timothy P. Cripe

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BACKGROUND Although disease remission can frequently be achieved for patients with neuroblastoma, relapse is common. The cancer stem cell theory suggests that rare tumorigenic cells, resistant to conventional therapy, are responsible for relapse. If true for neuroblastoma, improved cure rates may only be achieved via identification and therapeutic targeting(More)
The L1 major capsid protein of human papillomavirus type 11 (HPV-11) was expressed in Escherichia coli, and the soluble recombinant protein was purified to near homogeneity. The recombinant L1 protein bound DNA as determined by the Southwestern assay method, and recombinant mutant L1 proteins localized the DNA-binding domain to the carboxy-terminal 11 amino(More)
RNA helicase A (RHA), a member of the DEXH box helicase family of proteins, is an integral component of protein complexes that regulate transcription and splicing. The EWS-FLI1 oncoprotein is expressed as a result of the chromosomal translocation t(11;22) that occurs in patients with the Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT). Using phage display library(More)
Oncolytic virotherapy with mutants derived from Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 exhibit significant antitumor effects in preclinical models. Several mutants have now been tested in clinical trials for a variety of cancer types, and all have been found to be safe. While there have been hints of antitumor efficacy with prolonged survival in some cases(More)
The human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 oncogenes, E6 and E7, are transcribed preferentially in keratinocytes and cervical carcinoma cells due to a 5' enhancer. An abundant peptide binding to a 37 nt enhancer element was purified from human keratinocytes by sequence-specific DNA chromatography. This protein was identified as transcriptional enhancer factor(More)
Exploiting the lytic life cycle of viruses has gained recent attention as an anticancer strategy (oncolysis). To explore the utility of adenovirus (Ad)-mediated oncolysis for rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), we tested RMS cell lines for Ad gene transduction and infection. RMS cells were variably transduced by Ad. Compared with control cells, RMS cells were less(More)
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) are chemoresistant sarcomas with poor 5-year survival that arise in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) or sporadically. We tested three drugs for single and combinatorial effects on collected MPNST cell lines and in MPNST xenografts. The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 inhibitor RAD001(More)
High levels of expression of the human DEK gene have been correlated with numerous human malignancies. Intracellular DEK functions have been described in vitro and include DNA supercoiling, DNA replication, RNA splicing, and transcription. We have shown that DEK also suppresses cellular senescence, apoptosis, and differentiation, thus promoting cell growth(More)
The transcriptional promoter of the candidate E6-E7 transforming gene region of human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 (P97) was active in transiently transfected cervical carcinoma cells when linked to the HSV-1 tk or bacterial cat genes. Sequences 5' to P97 contain a short enhancer element responding to cellular factor(s) in uninfected human foreskin keratinocytes(More)
Malignant solid tumors remain a significant clinical challenge, necessitating innovative therapeutic approaches. Oncolytic viral therapy is a nonmutagenic, biological anticancer therapeutic shown to be effective against human cancer in early studies. Because matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) play important roles in the pathogenesis and progression of cancer,(More)