Timothy Olson

Learn More
Restriction fragment length polymorphism mapping data from nine populations (Glycine max x G. soja and G. max x G. max) of the Glycine subgenus soja genome led to the identification of many duplicated segments of the genome. Linkage groups contained up to 33 markers that were duplicated on other linkage groups. The size of homoeologous regions ranged from(More)
We have constructed a genetic map for soybean and identified associations between genetic markers and quantitative trait loci. One-hundred-fifty restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) were used to identify genetic linkages in an F2 segregating population from an interspecific cross (Glycine max x Glycine soja). Twenty-six genetic linkage groups(More)
A set of 219 DNA clones derived from mungbean (Vigna radiata), cowpea (V. unguiculata), common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), and soybean (Glycine max) were used to generate comparative linkage maps among mungbean, common bean, and soybean. The maps allowed an assessment of linkage conservation and collinearity among the three genomes. Mungbean and common bean,(More)
BACKGROUND Vinculin and its isoform metavinculin are protein components of intercalated discs, structures that anchor thin filaments and transmit contractile force between cardiac myocytes. We tested the hypothesis that heritable dysfunction of metavinculin may contribute to the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and Office of Rare Diseases at the National Institutes of Health organized a workshop (September 14 to 15, 2006, in Bethesda, Md) to advise on new research directions needed for improved identification and treatment of rare inherited arrhythmias. These included the following: (1) Na+ channelopathies; (2)(More)
CONTEXT Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), a genetically heterogeneous disorder, causes heart failure and rhythm disturbances. The majority of identified DCM genes encode structural proteins of the contractile apparatus and cytoskeleton. Recently, genetic defects in calcium and potassium regulation have been discovered in patients with DCM, implicating an(More)
Proteins in cardiac myocytes assemble into contractile units known as sarcomeres. Contractile force is generated by interaction between sarcomeric thick and thin filaments. Thin filaments also transmit force within and between myocytes. Mutations in genes encoding the thin filament proteins actin and tropomyosin cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Mutations(More)
Mutations in genes encoding sarcomeric proteins cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The sarcomeric protein actin plays a central, dual role in cardiac myocytes, generating contractile force by interacting with myosin and also transmitting force within and between cells. Two missense mutations in the cardiac actin gene (ACTC), postulated to impair force(More)
BACKGROUND Nonobstructive hypertrophy localized to the cardiac apex is an uncommon morphological variant of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) that often is further distinguished by distinct giant negative T waves and a benign clinical course. The genetic relationship between HCM with typical hypertrophic morphology versus isolated apical hypertrophy is(More)
Stress tolerance of the heart requires high-fidelity metabolic sensing by ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels that adjust membrane potential–dependent functions to match cellular energetic demand. Scanning of genomic DNA from individuals with heart failure and rhythm disturbances due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy identified two mutations in(More)