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Journals and Conferences
Threonine aldolase (TA) from Thermotoga maritima was immobilized on an Eupergit support by both a direct and an indirect method. The incubation time for the direct immobilization method was optimized for the highest amount of enzyme on the support. By introducing the immobilized TA in a packed-bed microreactor, a flow synthesis of phenylserine was… (More)
AVOIDING THE COPPERS: A continuous-flow synthesis for the Cu(I) -catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition reaction using [Cu(phenanthroline)(PPh₃)₂]NO₃ as a homogeneous catalyst is developed (up to 92 % isolated yield). Elevated temperatures allow achieving full conversions and using lower catalyst loadings. Residual copper in the triazole compound is… (More)
General continuous-flow conditions for the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling of heteroaryl halides and (hetero)arylboronic acids have been developed. A wide range of heterobiaryl products is obtained in excellent yields (20 examples) employing low catalyst loadings (0.05-1.5 mol % Pd).
Novel Process Windows make use of process conditions that are far from conventional practices. This involves the use of high temperatures, high pressures, high concentrations (solvent-free), new chemical transformations, explosive conditions, and process simplification and integration to boost synthetic chemistry on both the laboratory and production scale.… (More)
Until recently, cross-coupling reactions have been exclusively performed in batch processes. With the advent of microfluidics, significant effort has been devoted to develop a wide variety of continuous-flow techniques to facilitate organic synthesis. In this critical review, we attempt to give an overview of the different continuous-flow methodologies that… (More)
Trifluoromethylated and perfluoroalkylated heterocycles are important building blocks for the synthesis of numerous pharmaceutical products, agrochemicals and are widely applied in material sciences. To date, trifluoromethylated and perfluoroalkylated hetero-aromatic systems can be prepared utilizing visible light photoredox catalysis methodologies in… (More)
Continuous-flow liquid phase oxidation chemistry in microreactors receives a lot of attention as the reactor provides enhanced heat and mass transfer characteristics, safe use of hazardous oxidants, high interfacial areas, and scale-up potential. In this review, an up-to-date overview of both technological and chemical aspects of liquid phase oxidation… (More)
Getting phases together: Membrane microreactors provide new opportunities for gas-liquid reactions. The advantages of this microreactor concept are a large interfacial area, a greater flexibility with regard to flow rates, and the opportunity to immobilize a catalyst on the membrane.