Timothy Nelle

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The Gag proteins of Rous sarcoma virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) each contain a function involved in a late step in budding, defects in which result in the accumulation of these molecules at the plasma membrane. In the Rous sarcoma virus Gag protein (Pr76gag), this assembly domain is associated with a PPPY motif, which is located at an internal(More)
Viruses exploit a variety of cellular components to complete their life cycles, and it has become increasingly clear that use of host cell microtubules is a vital part of the infection process for many viruses. A variety of viral proteins have been identified that interact with microtubules, either directly or via a microtubule-associated motor protein.(More)
Budding of Ebola virus (EBOV) particles from the plasma membrane of infected cells requires viral and host proteins. EBOV virus matrix protein VP40 recruits TSG101, an ESCRT-1 (host cell endosomal sorting complex required for transport-1) complex protein in the vacuolar protein sorting (vps) pathway, to the plasma membrane during budding. Involvement of(More)
A biologically active construct of the retroviral M domain from the avian Rous sarcoma virus is defined and its solution structure described. This M domain is fully active in budding and infectivity without myristylation. In spite of a sequence homology level that suggests no relationship among M domains and the family of matrix proteins in mammalian(More)
The Gag protein of Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) can direct particle assembly and budding at the plasma membrane independently of the other virus-encoded products. A previous deletion analysis has suggested that the first 86 amino acids of RSV Gag constitute a large membrane-binding domain that is absolutely required for these processes. To test this hypothesis,(More)
The Gag protein encoded by Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) is the only viral product required for the process of budding whereby virus particles are formed at the plasma membrane. Deletion analysis of this Gag molecule has revealed several regions (assembly domains) that are important for budding. One of these domains is located at the amino terminus and is needed(More)
The molecular mechanism by which retroviral Gag proteins are directed to the plasma membrane for the formation of particles (budding) is unknown, but it is widely believed that the MA domain, located at the amino terminus, plays a critical role. Consistent with this idea, we found that small deletions in this segment of the Rous sarcoma virus Gag protein(More)
All retroviruses have a layer of matrix protein (MA) situated directly beneath the lipid of their envelope. This protein is initially expressed as the amino-terminal sequence of the Gag polyprotein, where it plays an important role in binding Gag to the plasma membrane during the early steps of the budding process. Others have suggested that MA may provide(More)
Biologically treated waste water from two different municipal treatment plants with mainly domestic waste water on the one hand and industrial influenced waste water on the other hand was disinfected by UV-irradiation and ozonation. Hygienic, chemical and eco-toxic effects of the disinfection step were examined. It was found that by ozonation as well as by(More)
About one-third of the MA protein in Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) is phosphorylated. Previous analyses of this fraction have suggested that serine residues 68 and 106 are the major sites of phosphorylation. As a follow-up to that study, we have characterized mutants which have these putative phosphorylation sites changed to alanine, either separately or(More)
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