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UNLABELLED In this study, we investigated the efficacy of patient-controlled regional analgesia for outpatients undergoing moderately painful orthopedic surgery of the shoulder. Preoperatively, patients (n = 20) received an interscalene nerve block and perineural catheter. Postoperatively, patients were discharged home with both oral opioids and a portable(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if preemptive analgesia with ropivacaine hydrochloride with or without clonidine hydrochloride decreases pain and hastens recovery after tonsillectomy. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, triple-blinded trial. SETTING University referral center; pediatric ambulatory practice. PARTICIPANTS Sixty-four children, aged 3 to 15 years,(More)
BACKGROUND During the last decade, there has been a strong increase in the use of the mu-opioid receptor agonist fentanyl. The aim of these studies was to investigate the effects of fentanyl withdrawal on brain reward function and somatic withdrawal signs. METHODS Fentanyl and saline were chronically administered via minipumps. An intracranial(More)
BACKGROUND This randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study investigated the efficacy of patient-controlled regional analgesia using a sciatic perineural catheter in the popliteal fossa and a portable infusion pump for outpatients having moderately painful, lower extremity orthopedic surgery. METHODS Preoperatively, patients (n = 30) received a(More)
BACKGROUND This randomized, double-blind study investigated the efficacy of continuous and patient-controlled ropivacaine infusion via a popliteal sciatic perineural catheter in ambulatory patients undergoing moderately painful orthopedic surgery of the foot or ankle. METHODS Preoperatively, patients (n = 30) received a posterior popliteal sciatic(More)
Hippocampal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are thought to be involved in the regulation of memory formation and learning. Investigation of NMDAR function during experimental conditions known to be associated with impaired cognition in vivo may provide new insights into the role of NMDARs in learning and memory. Specifically, the mechanism whereby(More)
Antiarrhythmic agents with amiodarone-like electrophysiological actions, but with a more favorable pharmacokinetic profile than amiodarone would be extremely useful for the treatment of many tachyarrhythmias. We designed a series of amiodarone homologs with an alkyl ester group at position 2 of the benzofurane moiety. It was hypothesized that the(More)
BACKGROUND Sellick described cricoid pressure (CP) as pinching the esophagus between the cricoid ring and the cervical spine. A recent report noted that with the application of CP, the esophagus moved laterally more than 90% of the time, questioning the efficacy of this maneuver. We designed this study to accurately define the anatomy of the Sellick(More)
We have proposed a novel hypothesis regarding the potential role of occupational or second-hand exposure in physician substance use, abuse, and addiction. While only 5.6% of licensed physicians in Florida are anesthesiologists, nearly 25% of physicians followed for substance abuse/dependence are anesthesiologists. When we sort by drug of choice,(More)