Timothy Michael Farrell

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We report reflection anisotropy spectroscopy (RAS) measurements of the oxidized (001) surface of a type IIb natural diamond. These measurements were made possible due to recent developments in diamond surface preparation. We compare RAS results from the hydrogenated, clean and oxidized C(001) surface and demonstrate that RAS is sensitive to the structural(More)
Previous studies suggest that Parkinson's disease (PD) is negatively associated with early-life intake of vitamin E-rich foods and positively associated with rural experience. Using a new survey design, we attempted to confirm and extend these results. We gave a telephone questionnaire to 106 patients with PD and to their spouses as controls. It assessed(More)
Toupet (270 degrees) fundoplication is commonly recommended for patients with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and esophageal dysmotility. However, Toupet fundoplication may be less effective at protecting against reflux than Nissen (360 degrees) fundoplication. We therefore compared the effectiveness and durability of both types of fundoplication as a(More)
The guidelines for the surgical treatment of esophageal achalasia are a series of systematically developed statements to assist surgeon (and patient) decisions about the appropriate use of minimally invasive techniques for the treatment of achalasia in specific clinical circumstances. It addresses the indications, risks, benefits, outcomes, alternatives,(More)
BACKGROUND The claim that the "mini"-gastric bypass (MGB) procedure with its loop gastrojejunostomy is safer and equally effective to the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) procedure has been promoted before validation. Rumors of unreported complications and the accuracy of follow-up are additional concerns. This study was undertaken to identify MGB patients(More)
BACKGROUND The rapid emergence of laparoscopic surgery over the past decade has highlighted the need for teaching and assessing laparoscopic manipulative skills. Most analyses consist of a measurement of the time to complete a specified task and a subjective assessment by an observer. Objective assessments of accuracy in the performance of manipulative(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence of bile duct injuries during single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) in relation to the accepted historic rate of 0.4% to 0.5% for standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SLC). BACKGROUND Technically, SILC is more challenging than SLC. The role and benefit of SILC in patient care has yet to be defined. Bile(More)
BACKGROUND Reports of increasing bariatric surgery volumes have driven resource allocation by health care systems and device manufacturers. Professional organizations and third-party payers have embraced credentialing systems to limit frivolous expansion. The underlying data upon which these reports are based are disparate and derived from imperfect(More)
BACKGROUND Despite a growing body of evidence guiding appropriate perioperative thromboprophylaxis in the general population, few data direct strategies to reduce deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in the morbidly obese. We have implemented a novel protocol for venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk stratification in Roux-en-Y gastric(More)
BACKGROUND Recent years have seen the establishment of bariatric surgery credentialing processes, center-of-excellence programs, and fellowship training positions. The effects of center-of-excellence status and of the presence of training programs have not previously been examined. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of case volume,(More)